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Influence of GABA and GABA-producing Lactobacillus brevis DPC 6108 on the development of diabetes in a streptozotocin rat model
APC Microbiome Institute, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland; Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Cork, Ireland; School of Microbiology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.
APC Microbiome Institute, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland; Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Cork, Ireland; School of Microbiology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.
APC Microbiome Institute, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland; Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Cork, Ireland.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3355-9452
APC Microbiome Institute, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland; Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Cork, Ireland.
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2016 (English)In: Beneficial Microbes, ISSN 1876-2883, E-ISSN 1876-2891, Vol. 7, no 3, 409-420 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to investigate if dietary administration of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-producing Lactobacillus brevis DPC 6108 and pure GABA exert protective effects against the development of diabetes in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic Sprague Dawley rats. In a first experiment, healthy rats were divided in 3 groups (n=10/group) receiving placebo, 2.6 mg/kg body weight (bw) pure GABA or L. brevis DPC 6108 (~10(9)microorganisms). In a second experiment, rats (n=15/group) were randomised to five groups and four of these received an injection of STZ to induce type 1 diabetes. Diabetic and non-diabetic controls received placebo [4% (w/v) yeast extract in dH2O], while the other three diabetic groups received one of the following dietary supplements: 2.6 mg/kg bw GABA (low GABA), 200 mg/kg bw GABA (high GABA) or ~10(9) L. brevis DPC 6108. L. brevis DPC 6108 supplementation was associated with increased serum insulin levels (P<0.05), but did not alter other metabolic markers in healthy rats. Diabetes induced by STZ injection decreased body weight (P<0.05), increased intestinal length (P<0.05) and stimulated water and food intake. Insulin was decreased (P<0.05), whereas glucose was increased (P<0.001) in all diabetic groups, compared with non-diabetic controls. A decrease (P<0.01) in glucose levels was observed in diabetic rats receiving L. brevis DPC 6108, compared with diabetic-controls. Both the composition and diversity of the intestinal microbiota were affected by diabetes. Microbial diversity in diabetic rats supplemented with low GABA was not reduced (P>0.05), compared with non-diabetic controls while all other diabetic groups displayed reduced diversity (P<0.05). L. brevis DPC 6108 attenuated hyperglycaemia induced by diabetes but additional studies are needed to understand the mechanisms involved in this reduction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wageningen, Netherlands: Wageningen Academic Publishers, 2016. Vol. 7, no 3, 409-420 p.
Keyword [en]
Streptozotocin, type-1 diabetes, probiotic, γ-aminobutyric acid
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Endocrinology and Diabetes
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-54343DOI: 10.3920/BM2015.0154ISI: 000376602400011PubMedID: 27013462ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84971645676OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-54343DiVA: diva2:1063001
Note

Funding Agencies:

APC Microbiome Institute 

Science Foundation Ireland (SFI) 

Available from: 2017-01-09 Created: 2017-01-09 Last updated: 2017-01-11Bibliographically approved

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Marques, Tatiana M.Wall, Rebecca
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