oru.sePublikationer
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Childhood family income, adolescent violent criminality and substance misuse: quasi-experimental total population study
Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden .
Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6851-3297
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States .
Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Show others and affiliations
2014 (English)In: British Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0007-1250, E-ISSN 1472-1465, Vol. 205, no 4, 286-290 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Low socioeconomic status in childhood is a well-known predictor of subsequent criminal and substance misuse behaviours but the causal mechanisms are questioned. Aims To investigate whether childhood family income predicts subsequent violent criminality and substance misuse and whether the associations are in turn explained by unobserved familial risk factors.

Method: Nationwide Swedish quasi-experimental, family-based study following cohorts born 1989-1993 (n(total) = 526 167, n(cousins) = 262 267, n(siblings) = 216 424) between the ages of 15 and 21 years.

Results: Children of parents in the lowest income quintile experienced a seven-fold increased hazard rate (HR) of being convicted of violent criminality compared with peers in the highest quintile (HR = 6.78, 95% CI 6.23-7.38). This association was entirely accounted for by unobserved familial risk factors (HR = 0.95, 95% CI 0.44-2.03). Similar pattern of effects was found for substance misuse.

Conclusions: There were no associations between childhood family income and subsequent violent criminality and substance misuse once we had adjusted for unobserved familial risk factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London, United Kingdom: Royal College of Psychiatrists , 2014. Vol. 205, no 4, 286-290 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-54587DOI: 10.1192/bjp.bp.113.136200ISI: 000342881100007PubMedID: 25147371Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84908139550OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-54587DiVA: diva2:1064415
Note

Funding Agencies:

Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research, the Swedish Research Council 

National Institute of Child Health and Human Development 

Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2017-01-18Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMedScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Larsson, Henrik
In the same journal
British Journal of Psychiatry
Medical and Health SciencesPsychiatry

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 78 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf