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An epidemiological study of ADHD, substance use, and comorbid problems in incarcerated women in Sweden
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6851-3297
Uppsala University, Sweden.
Linköping University, Sweden.
Show others and affiliations
2015 (English)In: Journal of Attention Disorders, ISSN 1087-0547, E-ISSN 1557-1246, Vol. 19, no 1, 44-52 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of ADHD and psychiatric comorbidity, including substance use in incarcerated women.

METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study, consisting of two parts: (a) screening using the ADHD Self-Rating Scale (ASRS) and (b) diagnostic assessment using a structured interview.

RESULTS: A sample of 96 incarcerated women was screened and 56 underwent the diagnostic assessment. Twenty-nine percent of the women met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.) diagnostic criteria for adult ADHD in the diagnostic assessment. Forty-four of the women had misuse of alcohol, and 83% had misuse of narcotics the year prior to the incarceration. The ASRS showed sensitivity of 1.0 and specificity of 0.66.

CONCLUSION: The prevalence rate of ADHD in incarcerated women was high and comparable to that in male offenders. Illicit stimulant use and antisocial personality disorder were significantly more common in women with ADHD. ASRS is useful as a screener in this population.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2015. Vol. 19, no 1, 44-52 p.
Keyword [en]
ADHD; women; incarcerated; comorbidity
National Category
Psychology Psychiatry
Research subject
Psychology; Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-54611DOI: 10.1177/1087054712451126ISI: 000346654500006PubMedID: 22797213Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84919635331OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-54611DiVA: diva2:1064442
Note

Funding Agency:

Swedish Prison and Probation Service

Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf