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The association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD) symptoms and self-employment
Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Erasmus School of Economics, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Institute for Behavior and Biology (EURIBEB), Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Universität Trier, Trier, Germany; Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
Institute of Psychology, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
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2016 (English)In: European Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN 0393-2990, E-ISSN 1573-7284, Vol. 31, no 8, p. 793-801Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD) symptoms have been associated with the decision to become self-employed. Although these symptoms are generally regarded as disadvantageous, there may also be a bright side. To our knowledge, however, there has been no systematic, epidemiological evidence to support this claim. This paper examines the association between ADHD symptoms and self-employment in a population-based sample from the STAGE cohort of the Swedish Twin Registry (N = 7208). For replication, we used a sample of Dutch students who participated in the Global University Entrepreneurial Spirit Students' Survey (N = 13,112). In the Swedish sample, we found a positive association with self-employment for both general ADHD symptoms [odds ratio (OR) 1.13; 95 % confidence intervals (CI) 1.04-1.23] and hyperactivity symptoms [OR 1.19; 95 % CI 1.08-1.32], whereas no association was found for attention-deficit symptoms [OR 0.99; 95 % CI 0.89-1.10]. The positive association between hyperactivity and self-employment was replicated in the Dutch student sample [OR 1.09; 95 % CI 1.03-1.15]. Our results show that certain aspects of ADHD, in particular hyperactivity, can have a bright side, as they are positively associated with self-employment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer, 2016. Vol. 31, no 8, p. 793-801
Keywords [en]
Attention-deficit, hyperactivity, symptoms, ADHD, self-employment
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-54634DOI: 10.1007/s10654-016-0159-1ISI: 000382695100008PubMedID: 27177909OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-54634DiVA, id: diva2:1064484
Available from: 2017-01-12 Created: 2017-01-12 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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