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Respiratory and Ocular Symptoms Among Employees at Swedish Indoor Swimming Pools
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4928-617X
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
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2016 (English)In: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 1076-2752, E-ISSN 1536-5948, Vol. 58, no 12, p. 1190-1195Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: This study investigated trichloramine exposure and prevalence of respiratory and ocular symptoms among Swedish indoor swimming pool workers.

Methods: Questionnaires were distributed to pool workers and referents. Lung function and fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) were measured before and after work. Exposure to trichloramine and trihalomethanes was measured over work shifts.

Results: The mean personal trichloramine exposure was 36g/m(3). Significantly more exposed workers reported ocular and nasal symptoms. There were significant differences between groups in FeNO change following work, with exposed showing increased FeNO, which grew when analyses included only nonsmokers.

Conclusions: The findings indicate that indoor swimming pool environments may have irritating effects on mucous membranes. FeNO data also indicate an inflammatory effect on central airways, but the clinical relevance is unclear. Low trichloramine levels found in this study were not associated with health effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2016. Vol. 58, no 12, p. 1190-1195
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-54678DOI: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000883ISI: 000390238500008Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85007337110OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-54678DiVA, id: diva2:1064948
Note

Funding Agency:

Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Örebro

Available from: 2017-01-13 Created: 2017-01-13 Last updated: 2018-07-23Bibliographically approved

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Löfstedt, HåkanWesterlund, JessicaGraff, PålWestberg, Håkan

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