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On Emerging Mobile Learning Environments
Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4855-1971
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis investigates issues pertaining to the implementation of mobile learning and particularly the use of learning content management systems and mobile devices in university education. The thesis is positioned at the intersection of the research areas of information systems and education. The general view of technology is grounded in the field of information systems, but it is connected to the field of learning using the framework for the rational analysis of mobile education (FRAME). The point of enquiry was chosen based on the fact that the number of people who use mobile devices today is higher than the number of people who use desktop computers. This presents an opportunity for higher education institutions to increase the reach of education services by means of delivering them on mobile devices. This, of course, also presents challenges.

The thesis is situated in the interpretive paradigm and the methodological approach was action research. Data was collected through review of literature, interviews, focus group discussions, observations and online surveys. Findings suggest that mobile learning cannot replace existing forms of learning in least developed countries but blended learning is a feasible alternative. Three units of analysis were used and found to be significant for studying and evaluating mobile learning, the technical artefact, the social artefact and the information artefact, together making up the information systems artefact. The thesis contributes to theory by discussing how mobile learning can be seen to be constructed as an information systems artefact through these three constructs. Advancements in virtual learning technology may bring a new wave of learning management systems. The nature of the next generation of learning content management systems is a topic for further research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University , 2017. , 131 p.
Series
Örebro Studies in Informatics, 12
Keyword [en]
Mobile learning, LCMS, Mobile phones, FRAME, Emerging Mobile Learning Environments, IS artefact, Action research, CAR, LDCs
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-54800ISBN: 978-91-7529-178-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-54800DiVA: diva2:1066513
Public defence
2017-03-28, Örebro universitet, rum P201, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-01-18 Created: 2017-01-18 Last updated: 2017-10-23Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. On mobile learning with learning content management systems: a contemporary literature review
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On mobile learning with learning content management systems: a contemporary literature review
2014 (English)In: Communications in Computer and Information Science, ISSN 1865-0929, Vol. 479, 131-145 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Learning Content management systems (LCMS) are important tools for organizing learning material and communication. Increasingly mobile technologies are used for internet access; particularly important in developing countries where broadband is scarce. Mobile LCMS introduce specific challenges, which are yet not fully addressed. This paper reviews the literature on mobile LCMS for the purpose of identifying current research focus, research gaps, and future research directions regarding how to bridge the gaps and leverage CMS technology to support "mobile learning". The concept matrix method is used to collect and analyze literature. Five prominent research areas are found; Use, access, design and infrastructure; communication and collaboration; engagement and knowledge development; content and service delivery; and implementation experiences and evaluation. A major gap identified is that research does neither clearly nor thoroughly address the intersection between learning and technology. Adjusting technologies to learning contexts and environments is a key area for future research.

Keyword
mobile learning, MLCMS, LCMS, LMS, CMS
National Category
Computer Science
Research subject
Computer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-42805 (URN)000348500300013 ()2-s2.0-84908500296 (Scopus ID)
Conference
13th World Conference on Mobile and Contextual Learning (mLearn), NOV 03-05, 2014, Istanbul, TURKEY
Available from: 2015-02-19 Created: 2015-02-19 Last updated: 2017-10-23Bibliographically approved
2. Ubiquitous computing in education: a SWOT analysis by students and teachers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ubiquitous computing in education: a SWOT analysis by students and teachers
2013 (English)In: QScience Proceedings, 2013Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Learning from anywhere anytime is a contemporary phenomenon in the field of education that is thought to be flexible, time and cost saving. The phenomenon is evident in the way computer technology mediates knowledge processes among learners. Computer technology is however, in some instances, faulted. There are studies that highlight drawbacks of computer technology use in learning. In this study we aimed at conducting a SWOT analysis on ubiquitous computing and computer-mediated social interaction and their affect on education. Students and teachers were interviewed on the mentioned concepts using focus group interviews. Our contribution in this study is, identifying what teachers and students perceive to be the strength, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of ubiquitous computing and computer-mediated social interaction in education. We also relate the findings with literature and present a common understanding on the SWOT of these concepts.

Results show positive perceptions. Respondents revealed that ubiquitous computing and computer-mediated social interaction are important in their education due to advantages such as flexibility, efficiency in terms of cost and time, ability to acquire computer skills. Nevertheless disadvantages where also mentioned for example health effects, privacy and security issues, noise in the learning environment, to mention but a few. This paper gives suggestions on how to overcome threats mentioned.

Keyword
Ubiquitous Computing, Education, SWOT, Computer-mediated social interaction
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47746 (URN)10.5339/qproc.2013.mlearn.18 (DOI)
Conference
12th World Conference on Mobile and Contextual Learning (mLearn 2013), College of the North Atlantic, Qatar, October 22-24, 2013
Available from: 2016-01-22 Created: 2016-01-22 Last updated: 2017-10-23Bibliographically approved
3. MLCMS actual use, perceived use, and experiences of use
Open this publication in new window or tab >>MLCMS actual use, perceived use, and experiences of use
2015 (English)In: ijEDict - International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology, ISSN 1814-0556, E-ISSN 1814-0556, Vol. 11, no 1, 101-121 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Mobile learning involves use of mobile devices to participate in learning activities. Most elearning activities are available to participants through learning systems such as learning content management systems (LCMS). Due to certain challenges, LCMS are not equally accessible on all mobile devices. This study investigates actual use, perceived usefulness and user experiences of LCMS use on mobile phones at Makerere University in Uganda. The study identifies challenges pertaining to use and discusses how to improve LCMS use on mobile phones. Such solutions are a cornerstone in enabling and improving mobile learning. Data was collected by means of focus group discussions, an online survey designed based on the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), and LCMS log files of user activities. Data was collected from two courses where Moodle was used as a learning platform. The results indicate positive attitudes towards use of LCMS on phones but also huge challenges whichare content related and technical in nature.

Keyword
Mobile learning; LCMS; MUELE; TAM; Mobile phones
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-47744 (URN)
Available from: 2016-01-22 Created: 2016-01-22 Last updated: 2017-10-23Bibliographically approved
4. Practices and challenges in an emerging m-learning environment
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Practices and challenges in an emerging m-learning environment
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-56107 (URN)
Available from: 2017-03-06 Created: 2017-03-06 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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