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Bilingualism and reading difficulties: An exploration in episodic and semantic memory
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Department of Psychiatry, Østfold Hospital Trust, Moss, Norway. (CHAMP)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4089-901X
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (CHAMP)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9862-3032
2017 (English)In: Journal of Cognitive Psychology, ISSN 2044-5911, E-ISSN 2044-592X, Vol. 29, no 5, p. 570-582Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study was designed to investigate the effect of bilingualism and reading difficulties (RD) on episodic and semantic memory. The subjects included 190 children (aged 9–12 years): 45 Iranian-Swedish bilinguals and 59 Swedish monolinguals with typically developed reading, along with 41 bilinguals and 45 monolinguals with RD. To measure episodic memory, subject-performed and verbal tasks were used for encoding, and both free and cued recall were used for retrieval. Letter and category fluency tasks were used to test semantic memory. In action memory, bilingual children with RD benefited less from enactment encoding form compared to children with typically developed reading. Additionally, bilingual with RD had lower rates of recollection in category fluency compared to their monolingual counterparts. However, in letter fluency, there was not found a difference between performances of bilinguals and monolinguals with RD. We discuss the involvement of long-term memory in both bilingualism and reading.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2017. Vol. 29, no 5, p. 570-582
Keywords [en]
Bilingualism; reading difficulties; typically developed reading; episodic memory; semantic memory
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-55446DOI: 10.1080/20445911.2017.1293673ISI: 000407602800004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85014510845OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-55446DiVA, id: diva2:1072719
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 421-2009-1349Available from: 2017-02-08 Created: 2017-02-08 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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Jalali-Moghadam, NiloufarKormi-Nouri, Reza

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