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The effects of a pneumatic stool and a one-legged stool on lower limb joint load and muscular activity during sitting and rising
Kinesiology Research Group, Department of Anatomy, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
Kinesiology Research Group, Department of Anatomy, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
Kinesiology Research Group, Department of Anatomy, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Surgery, Skellefteȧ Hospital, Skellefteȧ, Sweden.
1993 (English)In: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 519-535Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Nine healthy male subjects rose from four different stools. The 'ordinary' stool (K) was set at normal chair height, approximately 50 cm, and the 'low ordinary' stool (O), the one-legged stool (T), and the pneumatically-sprung stool (S) were all approximately 32 cm high. The moments of force in the hip, knee, and ankle joints were calculated with a semidynamic technique using a Kistler force plate and video. EMG in four leg muscles was recorded. The part of bodyweight carried by the different stools when the subjects were sitting was measured, and the subjects estimated the effort of rising, using the Borg scale. The low ordinary stool gave higher knee and hip moments than the ordinary stool. Use of the pneumatic stool reduced the knee and hip moments to a level comparable with that of the ordinary stool. The reduction in moment compared with the one-legged stool (T) and the low ordinary stool (O) was significant, both in the knee (p < 0.005) and the hip (p < 0.001). Rising from the three low stools gave no significant differences in mean maximum muscle activity in any of the muscles investigated. The subjects estimated that the pneumatic stool and the ordinary stool were the easiest to rise from. The part of bodyweight carried by the ordinary stool and the low ordinary stool, both around 80% when sitting, was significantly higher than for the two other stools (p < 0.005). It was concluded that a pneumatic stool can be a useful device to workers who work in low positions and rise frequently.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London, United Kingdom: Taylor & Francis, 1993. Vol. 36, no 5, p. 519-535
Keywords [en]
Lower extremity, Rising, Low work posture, Electromyography, Joint load
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-55724DOI: 10.1080/00140139308967910ISI: A1993KZ70900007PubMedID: 8500473Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0027595686OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-55724DiVA, id: diva2:1074461
Available from: 2017-02-15 Created: 2017-02-15 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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