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Estimated prevalences of respiratory symptoms, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease related to detection rate in primary health care
Centre for Public Health Research, University of Karlstad, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4241-7851
Centre for Public Health Research, University of Karlstad, Sweden.
Centre for Public Health Research, University of Karlstad, Sweden.
Centre for Public Health Research, University of Karlstad, Sweden.
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2001 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, ISSN 0281-3432, E-ISSN 1502-7724, Vol. 19, no 1, 54-57 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of respiratory symptoms, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and to relate it to an estimated detection rate in primary health care.

DESIGN: A two-staged study with a cross-sectional survey and a clinical validation.

SETTING: The adult population of Värmland, a county in Sweden.

SUBJECTS: 4814 persons completed the survey and 206 the confirmative validation study.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence of respiratory symptoms, of asthma and COPD.

RESULTS: More than 40% reported respiratory symptoms. Wheeze was reported by 8.0%, shortness of breath by 11.4% and sputum production by 14.1%. Smoking was more common among women than among men. The prevalence of asthma was 8.2% and COPD 2.1%. Of persons with asthma, 33% were estimated to be undiagnosed, 67% used medication and nearly 60% attended primary health care services.

CONCLUSION: Respiratory symptoms as well as asthma were common in this study and equivalent to earlier findings. The difference between the epidemiologically estimated prevalence of asthma and the lower detection rate in primary health care can be explained by at least three factors: persons who did not seek any care, were underdiagnosed or attended other health care providers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2001. Vol. 19, no 1, 54-57 p.
Keyword [en]
asthma; COPD; epidemiology; prevalence; primary health care
National Category
Family Medicine
Research subject
Family Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-55839DOI: 10.1080/028134301300034701ISI: 000167708900012PubMedID: 11303549Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0035098797OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-55839DiVA: diva2:1075306
Available from: 2017-02-17 Created: 2017-02-17 Last updated: 2017-04-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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