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Health among disaster survivors 30 months after Typhoon Haiyan, using a selfselected Internet sample in a web-based survey
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Karlskoga Hospital, Karlskoga, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0534-4593
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
Sahlgrenska Akademin, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2577-1632
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-56205OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-56205DiVA: diva2:1079515
Available from: 2017-03-10 Created: 2017-03-08 Last updated: 2017-03-08Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Disaster response for recovery: survivors experiences, and the use of disaster radio to promote health after natural disasters
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Disaster response for recovery: survivors experiences, and the use of disaster radio to promote health after natural disasters
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Disasters occur all over the world, and affect a rising number of people. The health effects of natural disasters depend on several factors present before, during, and after a disaster event. However, there is only limited knowledge of survivors experiences, needs, and health after natural disasters. Disaster radio means a temporary radio station that broadcasts information, music, and support to the affected population. Disaster radio has the potential to function even in a severely affected area, but its effects need to be further evaluated from a health perspective. The context of this thesis was the Haiyan supertyphoon that hit parts of the Philippines in November 2013.

The overall aim was to describe survivors’ and health professionals’ experiences during and in the immediate aftermath of a natural disaster, the health effects from such a disaster, and how disaster radio as a disaster response intervention can be used and evaluated from a health perspective. The thesis includes four studies using qualitative research methods, including content analysis and a phenomenological hermeneutic method, and quantitative methods with statistical analysis.

The results show that the Haiyan typhoon affected physical, psychological, and social dimensions of health. Disaster radio was used to broadcast health-related information and psychosocial support, and made a positive contribution to recovery from the perspective of the survivors. Being a health professional deployed during the disaster was an experience of being both a helper and a victim. The use of a self-selected internetbased sample recruited via Facebook for a web-based survey mitigated several practical challenges related to disaster research, but also raised questions about the generalizability of the results.

Based on the findings, the importance of an integrated physical, psychological, and social health response to natural disasters is emphazized. Also, the health care system should prepare to use disaster radio as disaster response. In addition, the results suggest that disaster training for health professionals should include personal preparation and coping strategies. Internet-based methods in disaster research need to be further evaluated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro university, 2017. 91 p.
Series
Örebro Studies in Care Sciences, ISSN 1652-1153 ; 69
Keyword
natural disaster, disaster response, disaster health, recovery, resilience
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-52653 (URN)978-91-7529-180-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-03-31, Örebro universitet, Prismahuset, Hörsal 2, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 09:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-09-28 Created: 2016-09-28 Last updated: 2017-03-10Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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