Limited risks of major congenital anomalies in children of mothers with coeliac disease: a population-based cohort study
2015 (English)In: British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, ISSN 1470-0328, E-ISSN 1471-0528, Vol. 122, no 13, 1833-1841 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: To examine major congenital anomaly (CA) risks in children of mothers with coeliac disease (CD) compared with mothers without CD.
Design: Population-based cohort study.
Setting: Linked maternal-child medical records from a large primary care database from the UK.
Population: A total of 562332 live singletons of mothers with and without CD in 1990-2013.
Methods: We calculated the absolute major CA risks in children whose mothers had CD, and whether this was diagnosed or undiagnosed before childbirth. Logistic regression with a generalised estimating equation was used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (aORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for CAs associated with CD.
Main outcome measures: Fourteen system-specific major CA groups classified according to the European Surveillance of Congenital Anomalies and neural tube defects (NTDs).
Results: Major CA risk in 1880 children of mothers with CD was 293 per 10000 liveborn singletons, similar to the risk in those without CD (282; aOR 0.98, 95% CI 0.74-1.30). The risk was slightly higher in 971 children, whose mothers were undiagnosed (350; aOR 1.14, 95% CI 0.79-1.64), than in 909 children whose mothers were diagnosed (231; aOR 0.80, 95% CI 0.52-1.24). There was a three-fold increase in nervous system anomalies in the children of mothers with undiagnosed CD (aOR 2.98, 95%CI 1.06-8.33, based on five exposed cases and one had an NTD), and these women were all diagnosed with CD at least 4years after their children were born.
Conclusions: There was no statistically significant increase in risk of major CAs in children of mothers with coeliac disease overall, compared with the general population.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2015. Vol. 122, no 13, 1833-1841 p.
Abnormalities, coeliac disease, congenital epidemiology
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-56314DOI: 10.1111/1471-0528.13102ISI: 000365452200020PubMedID: 25288361ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84947611250OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-56314DiVA: diva2:1081458
CORE/Coeliac UK2017-03-142017-03-142017-03-14Bibliographically approved