Effect of Stent Inflation Pressure and Post-Dilatation on the Outcome of Coronary Artery Intervention. A Report of More than 90 000 Stent Implantations
2013 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 2, e56348Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) stent inflation pressure correlates to angiographic lumen improvement and stent expansion but the relation to outcome is not clarified. Using comprehensive registry data our aim was to evaluate how stent inflation pressure influences restenosis, stent thrombosis and death following PCI. Methods: We evaluated all consecutive coronary stent implantations in Sweden during 46 months from 2008 using data from the Swedish Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty Registry (SCAAR). We used logistic regression and Cox proportional hazard modeling to estimate risk of outcomes with different balloon pressures. Results: In total, 93 697 stents were eligible for analysis and divided into five different pressure interval groups: <= 15 atm, 16-17 atm, 18-19 atm, 20-21 atm and >= 22 atm. The risks of stent thrombosis and restenosis were significantly higher in the <= 15 atm, 18-19 atm and >= 22 atm groups (but not in the 16-17 atm group) compared to the 20-21 atm group. There were no differences in mortality. Post-dilatation was associated with a higher restenosis risk ratio (RR) of 1.22 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.14-1.32, P < 0.001) but stent thrombosis did not differ statistically between procedures with or without post-dilatation. The risk of death was lower following post-dilatation (RR 0.81 (CI 0.71-0.93) P = 0.003) and the difference compared to no post-dilatation was seen immediately after PCI. Conclusion: Our retrospective study of stent inflation pressure identified a possible biological pattern-the risks of stent thrombosis and of restenosis appeared to be higher with low and very high pressures. Post-dilatation might increase restenosis risk.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 8, no 2, e56348
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-56538DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0056348ISI: 000315970300153PubMedID: 23418560OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-56538DiVA: diva2:1082677