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A rapid growth rate in early childhood is a risk factor for becoming overweight in late adolescence
Umea Univ, Clin Sci, Pediat, Umea, Sweden.;Solleftea Hosp, Dept Pediat, SE-88133 Solleftea, Sweden..
Örebro University Hospital. Karolinska Inst, Örebro Cty Council, Child Hlth Care Unit, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Div Social Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden..ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6546-3650
Umea Univ, Occupat & Environm Med, Umea, Sweden.;Vasternorrland Cty Council, Dept Res & Dev, Umea, Sweden..ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9930-7755
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2015 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 104, no 11, 1138-1143 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AimWe evaluated whether body mass index (BMI) and rapid growth in early life were associated with an increased risk of becoming overweight at 16 and 18years of age. MethodsThe study population comprised all children born in Sweden on the 15th of each month in 1981. Individuals born on the 5th, 10th and 20th of every month were added for counties with low population densities. Information on weight and height was collected from birth up to 18years of age for 98.6% of the 3537 children identified. ResultsWeight at 12months of age was associated with being overweight at both 16 and 18years of age. Rapid weight gain from birth to 12months was associated with higher odds for being overweight later in life, and the weight gain between 18months and four years of age was the strongest risk factor for being overweight in late adolescence in both sexes. There was no association between a birthweight of <2500g or >4500g and being overweight at 16 or 18years of age. ConclusionFast growth during early childhood was associated with an increased risk of being overweight later in life, emphasising the importance of early prevention.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 104, no 11, 1138-1143 p.
Keyword [en]
Adolescent, Body mass index, Child, Overweight, Weight gain
National Category
Cancer and Oncology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-56605DOI: 10.1111/apa.13106ISI: 000363866200028PubMedID: 26173008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-56605DiVA: diva2:1083233
Available from: 2017-03-20 Created: 2017-03-20 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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Werner, BoLundholm, CeciliaBraback, Lennart
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