From isolation and dependence to autonomy - expectations before and experiences after cochlear implantation in adult cochlear implant users and their significant others
2015 (English)In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 37, no 6, 541-547 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Purpose: The aim of the study was to examine pre-operative expectations and the postoperative experiences related to cochlear implants (CI) in CI-users and their significant others.
Methods: A questionnaire was used and the responses were analysed by means of The Qualitative Content Analysis. All adults implanted between 1992 and 2010, who had had their implants for a minimum of 12 months (n = 120) were contacted. Response rate was high (90.8%), and all-inclusive answers were received from 101 CI-users (84.2%).
Results: The overall sense of increased well-being and life satisfaction was described as having lived in two different worlds, one with the auditory stimulation and one without. In the overall sense of increased well-being and satisfaction three interwoven subcategories, alienation - normality, fear - autonomy, and living a social life emerged. When CI-users and their significant others recalled the time prior to receiving the CI, a sense of fear was present with origins in the concern for the respondents' (CI-users) ability to cope and care independently in society. Conversely, after the implantation both parties emphasized the notion of a distinct transformation within the CI-user towards autonomy. Communication was highlighted as a large part of living social life.
Conclusion: The CI increases well-being and satisfaction for both CI-users and their significant others, which is especially evident regarding enhanced autonomy, normality and living social life.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare, 2015. Vol. 37, no 6, 541-547 p.
Autonomy, cochlear implant, experience, hearing loss, well-being
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-56658DOI: 10.3109/09638288.2014.935490ISI: 000351007500009PubMedID: 24989065ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84924367108OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-56658DiVA: diva2:1083495
Swedish Association of Hard of Hearing People
Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research 2010-07612017-03-212017-03-212017-03-21Bibliographically approved