Patch Testing with a Textile Dye Mix in Two Concentrations: A Multicentre Study by the Swedish Contact Dermatitis Research Group
2015 (English)In: Acta Dermato-Venereologica, ISSN 0001-5555, E-ISSN 1651-2057, Vol. 95, no 4, 427-431 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Disperse dyes, which are used for colouring synthetic textile fibres, are well-known contact sensitisers. To investigate the outcome of patch-testing with a textile dye mix (TDM) at 7 dermatology clinics in Sweden, a TDM tested at 2 concentrations was included into the baseline series during one year. The mix consisted of Disperse (D) Blue 35, D Yellow 3, D Orange 1 and 3, D Red 1 and 17, all 1.0%, and D Blue 106 and D Blue 124, each 0.3% in the mix 6.6% and 1.0% each in the mix 8.0%. In 2,122 tested patients, contact allergy to the TDM at the concentration 8.0% was found in 2.8% and to the TDM at 6.6% in 2.5% of the patients. The contact allergy to the TDM could explain or contribute to the dermatitis in about 35% of the patients.
Conclusion: contact allergy to the TDM is common and inclusion into the Swedish baseline series should be considered.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Medical Journals/Acta D-V , 2015. Vol. 95, no 4, 427-431 p.
allergic contact dermatitis, baseline series, clinical relevance, disperse dyes, p-phenylenediamine, simultaneous reactivity, textile dye mix
Dermatology and Venereal Diseases
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-56709DOI: 10.2340/00015555-1956ISI: 000352751200009PubMedID: 25166030ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84925000172OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-56709DiVA: diva2:1083793