Decrease in the red cell cofactor 2,3-diphosphoglycerate increases hemoglobin oxygen affinity in the hibernating brown bear Ursus arctos
2013 (English)In: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology, ISSN 0363-6119, E-ISSN 1522-1490, Vol. 304, no 1, R43-R49 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Revsbech IG, Malte H, Frobert O, Evans A, Blanc S, Josefsson J, Fago A. Decrease in the red cell cofactor 2,3-diphosphoglycerate increases hemoglobin oxygen affinity in the hibernating brown bear Ursus arctos. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 304: R43-R49, 2013. First published November 21, 2012; doi:10.1152/ajpregu.00440.2012.-During winter hibernation, brown bears (Ursus arctos) reduce basal O-2 consumption rate to similar to 25% compared with the active state, while body temperature decreases moderately (to similar to 30 degrees C), suggesting a temperature-independent component in their metabolic depression. To establish whether changes in O-2 consumption during hibernation correlate with changes in blood O-2 affinity, we took blood samples from the same six individuals of hibernating and nonhibernating free-ranging brown bears during winter and summer, respectively. A single hemoglobin (Hb) component was detected in all samples, indicating no switch in Hb synthesis. O-2 binding curves measured on red blood cell lysates at 30 degrees C and 37 degrees C showed a less temperature-sensitive O-2 affinity than in other vertebrates. Furthermore, hemolysates from hibernating bears consistently showed lower cooperativity and higher O-2 affinity than their summer counterparts, regardless of the temperature. We found that this increase in O-2 affinity was associated with a significant decrease in the red cell Hb-cofactor 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (DPG) during hibernation to approximately half of the summer value. Experiments performed on purified Hb, to which DPG had been added to match summer and winter levels, confirmed that the low DPG content was the cause of the left shift in the Hb-O-2 equilibrium curve during hibernation. Levels of plasma lactate indicated that glycolysis is not upregulated during hibernation and that metabolism is essentially aerobic. Calculations show that the increase in Hb-O-2 affinity and decrease in cooperativity resulting from decreased red cell DPG may be crucial in maintaining a fairly constant tissue oxygen tension during hibernation in vivo.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 304, no 1, R43-R49 p.
metabolic suppression, body temperature, oxygen binding curves, heat of oxygenation, hibernation
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-56720DOI: 10.1152/ajpregu.00440.2012ISI: 000313051200005PubMedID: 23174858OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-56720DiVA: diva2:1083848