A Comparative Study of ERG Status Assessment on DNA, mRNA, and Protein Levels Using Unique Samples from a Swedish Biopsy Cohort
2014 (English)In: Applied immunohistochemistry & molecular morphology (Print), ISSN 1541-2016, E-ISSN 1533-4058, Vol. 22, no 2, 136-141 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The ERG rearrangement is identified in approximately 50% of prostate cancer screened cohorts and is known to be highly specific. This genetic aberration, most commonly leading to the TMPRSS2-ERG fusion, but also SLC45A3-ERG or NDRG1-ERG fusions, all leading to an overexpression of a truncated ERG protein. Most studies have applied in situ hybridization (FISH) methods or mRNA-based assays to investigate the ERG status. Recently, studies showed that ERG protein levels assessed by ERG antibodies can be used as a surrogate marker for ERG rearrangement. In the current study, we investigate ERG status on a series of diagnostic biopsies using DNA-based, mRNA-based, and protein-based assays. We formally compared 3 assay results (ie, FISH, fusion mRNA, and immunohistochemistry) to identify which method could be most appropriate to use when having limited amount of tissue. ERG rearrangement was found in 56% of the cases. Comparing ERG rearrangement status by FISH with ERG overexpression and TMPRSS2-ERG fusion transcript we found 95.1% (154/162, Fisher exact test 9.50E-36) and 85.2% (138/162, Fisher exact test 7.26E-22) concordance, respectively. We show that the ERG antibody highly correlates with the ERG rearrangement with high sensitivity and specificity. We also identified the most common TMPRSS2-ERG isoform in the majority of ERG rearranged cases. These results provide compelling evidence that the ERG antibody can be used to further investigate the role of ERG in prostate cancer.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2014. Vol. 22, no 2, 136-141 p.
prostate cancer, ERG, gene fusion
Clinical Laboratory Medicine
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-56739DOI: 10.1097/PDM.0b013e31829e0484ISI: 000331540300008PubMedID: 24517914ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84896712983OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-56739DiVA: diva2:1083959