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Multiple human-to-human transmission from a severe case of psittacosis, Sweden, January-February 2013
Public Health Agency of Sweden, Solna, Sweden; Department of Medical Sciences, Infectious Diseases, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Orebro University Hospital. Department of Laboratory Medicine Clinical Microbiology, Communicable Disease Control Unit.
Communicable Diseases Control Unit, Kronoberg County Council, Växjö, Sweden.
2014 (English)In: Eurosurveillance, ISSN 1025-496X, E-ISSN 1560-7917, Vol. 19, no 42, 34-39 p., 20937Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Proven transmission of Chlamydia psittaci between humans has been described on only one occasion previously. We describe an outbreak which occurred in Sweden in early 2013, where the epidemiological and serological investigation suggests that one patient, severely ill with psittacosis after exposure to wild bird droppings, transmitted the disease to ten others: Two family members, one hospital roommate and seven hospital caregivers. Three cases also provided respiratory samples that could be analysed by PCR. All the obtained C. psittaci sequences were indistinguishable and clustered within genotype A. The finding has implications for the management of severely ill patients with atypical pneumonia, because these patients may be more contagious than was previously thought. In order to prevent nosocomial person-to-person transmission of C. psittaci, stricter hygiene measures may need to be applied.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) , 2014. Vol. 19, no 42, 34-39 p., 20937
National Category
Infectious Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-56781ISI: 000343764900006ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84908543968OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-56781DiVA: diva2:1084090
Available from: 2017-03-23 Created: 2017-03-23 Last updated: 2017-03-23Bibliographically approved

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