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Serological Assessment for Celiac Disease in IgA Deficient Adults
Karolinska Univ, Huddinge Hosp, Karolinska Inst, Dept Lab Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
Lund Univ, Dept Lab Med, Sect Microbiol Immunol & Glycobiol, Lund, Sweden..
Karolinska Inst, Dept Med, Clin Immunol & Allergy Unit, Stockholm, Sweden..
Sahlgrens Univ Hosp, Dept Immunol, Gothenburg, Sweden..
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2014 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 9, no 4, e93180Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Selective immunoglobulin A deficiency is the most common primary immunodeficiency disorder that is strongly overrepresented among patients with celiac disease (CD). IgG antibodies against tissue transglutaminase (tTG) and deamidated gliadin peptides (DGP) serve as serological markers for CD in IgA deficient individuals, although the diagnostic value remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of these markers in a large cohort of IgA deficient adults with confirmed or suspected CD and relate the findings to gluten free diet.

Methods: Sera from 488,156 individuals were screened for CD in seven Swedish clinical immunology laboratories between 1998 and 2012. In total, 356 out of 1,414 identified IgA deficient adults agreed to participate in this study and were resampled. Forty-even IgA deficient blood donors served as controls. Analyses of IgG antibodies against tTG and DGP as well as HLA typing were performed and a questionnaire was used to investigate adherence to gluten free diet. Available biopsy results were collected.

Results: Out of the 356 IgA deficient resampled adults, 67 (18.8%) were positive for IgG anti-tTG and 79 (22.2%) for IgG anti-DGP, 54 had biopsy confirmed CD. Among the 47 IgA deficient blood donors, 4 (9%) were positive for IgG anti-tTG and 8 (17%) for anti- DGP. Four were diagnosed with biopsy verified CD, however, 2 of the patients were negative for all markers. Sixty-eight of 69 individuals with positive IgG anti-tTG were HLA-DQ2/DQ8 positive whereas 7 (18.9%) of the 37 individuals positive for IgG anti-DGP alone were not.

Conclusions: IgG anti- tTG seems to be a more reliable marker for CD in IgA deficient adults whereas the diagnostic specificity of anti-DGP appears to be lower. High levels of IgG antibodies against tTG and DGP were frequently found in IgA deficient adults despite adhering to gluten free diet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library of Science , 2014. Vol. 9, no 4, e93180
National Category
Clinical Laboratory Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-56788DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0093180ISI: 000334159800025PubMedID: 24709954ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84899438820OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-56788DiVA: diva2:1084126
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Note

Funding Agency:

County Council of Östergötland, Sweden

Available from: 2017-03-23 Created: 2017-03-23 Last updated: 2017-03-23Bibliographically approved

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