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Mortality Rate in Children Born to Mothers and Fathers With Celiac Disease: A Nationwide Cohort Study
Canc Epidemiol Unit, Centrr Rieferimento Epidemiol & Prevenz Oncol Piemon, Turin, Italy; Univ Turin, Turin, Italy.
Canc Epidemiol Unit, Centrr Rieferimento Epidemiol & Prevenz Oncol Piemon, Turin, Italy; Univ Turin, Turin, Italy.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0316-9402
Clin Epidemiol Unit, Dept Med, Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.
Clin Epidemiol Unit, Dept Med, Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2013 (English)In: American Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN 0002-9262, E-ISSN 1476-6256, Vol. 177, no 12, p. 1348-1355Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Celiac disease (CD) is associated with increased mortality rate and adverse pregnancy outcome, but little is known about offspring mortality rate. In this nationwide retrospective cohort study, we identified persons whose biopsy-verified CD was diagnosed in Sweden in 19692008. We compared mortality rates in children born to mothers with and without CD (n 16,121 vs. n 61,782) and children born to fathers with and without CD (n 9,289 vs. n 32,984). Median age of offspring at end of follow-up was 28.7 (range, 16.739.7) years. We also examined mortality rates in children born to mothers with undiagnosed CD (later CD diagnosis; n 12,919) and diagnosed CD (n 3,202) to determine if intrauterine exposures associated with CD could affect offspring mortality rate. We estimated hazard ratios for death by using Cox regression. Death rates were independent of maternal CD (60 deaths per 100,000 person-years in children of mothers with CD, vs. 54 in controls) and paternal CD (53 deaths per 100,000 person-years in children of fathers with CD, vs. 53 in controls). Corresponding adjusted hazard ratios were 1.09 (95 confidence interval: 0.95, 1.26) for maternal CD and 1.02 (95 confidence interval: 0.85, 1.23) for paternal CD. Death rates were similar in children born to mothers with undiagnosed CD and in children whose mothers had diagnosed CD during pregnancy. Parental CD does not seem to influence mortality rate in offspring, which suggests that neither genetic influences of CD nor intrauterine conditions have adverse effects on offspring mortality rate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2013. Vol. 177, no 12, p. 1348-1355
Keywords [en]
autoimmunity, celiac disease, death, inflammation, mortality, pregnancy
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-56794DOI: 10.1093/aje/kws397ISI: 000320062700004PubMedID: 23620240OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-56794DiVA, id: diva2:1084153
Available from: 2017-03-23 Created: 2017-03-23 Last updated: 2018-05-29Bibliographically approved

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Richiardi, LorenzoLudvigsson, Jonas F.
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