Risk of Congenital Malformations Among Offspring of Mothers and Fathers With Celiac Disease: A Nationwide Cohort Study
2014 (English)In: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, ISSN 1542-3565, E-ISSN 1542-7714, Vol. 12, no 7, 1108-+ p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Many patients with celiac disease experience malabsorption, weight loss, and anemia; undiagnosed celiac disease during pregnancy has been linked with adverse outcomes. Studies of celiac disease and congenital malformations in offspring have been underpowered. We investigated the risk of congenital malformations among the offspring of parents with celiac disease. METHODS: We performed a nationwide cohort study of data from linked health care registers in Sweden from 1973 through 2009. We collected histopathology data from 28 pathology departments in Sweden to identify individuals with celiac disease (based on the presence of villous atrophy). We estimated the risks of malformations in the offspring of mothers and fathers with and without celiac disease. Logistic regression was used to estimate adjusted prevalence odds ratios (aPORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Among 11,382 offspring of mothers with celiac disease, there were 672 cases (5.9%) of malformation compared with 2098 cases (5.1%) among 40,922 offspring of mothers without celiac disease. Similarly, 352 (5.9%) of 6002 offspring of fathers with celiac disease and 1009 (5.1%) of 19,600 offspring of fathers without celiac disease had a malformation. In adjusted analyses, the offspring of mothers or fathers with celiac disease had a slightly increased risk of having children with malformations (for those with mothers with celiac disease: aPOR, 1.15; 95% CI, 1.05-1.26; for those with fathers with celiac disease: aPOR, 1.14; 95% CI, 1.00-1.29). However, these excess risks decreased or vanished entirely when we restricted our data to births since 2000 (for those with mothers with celiac disease: aPOR, 1.11; and 95% CI, 0.79-1.56; for those with fathers with celiac disease: aPOR, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.81-1.26). CONCLUSIONS: In a nationwide study, we found an increased risk for malformation among the offspring of mothers or fathers with celiac disease. However, the excess risk is small; the upper limits of the CIs for malformation indicate a 29% maximum relative increase.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014. Vol. 12, no 7, 1108-+ p.
Autoimmunity, Celiac, Congenital Malformation, Gluten Intolerance, Child
Gastroenterology and Hepatology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-56795DOI: 10.1016/j.cgh.2013.10.012ISI: 000338426100012PubMedID: 24161347OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-56795DiVA: diva2:1084154