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Resistance training is linked to heightened positive motivational state and lower negative affect among healthy women aged 65–70
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8063-4916
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7456-2397
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
2018 (English)In: Journal of Women & Aging, ISSN 0895-2841, E-ISSN 1540-7322, Vol. 30, no 5, p. 366-381Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Resistance training (RT) improves overall health, but the psychological effects of RT in healthy old adults have not been tested. The aim of this study was to investigate a sample of 65–70-year-old healthy and physically active women to assess their sense of coherence, health-related quality of life, hope, and affect, before and after taking part in a 24-week RT intervention (N = 14), compared to controls (N = 18). Findings showed a significant increase in hope (p = 0.013) and a significant decrease in negative affect (p = 0.002). Starting RT after age 65 does not appear to negatively impact on women’s psychological health but seems to be associated with important psychological health benefits.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2018. Vol. 30, no 5, p. 366-381
Keywords [en]
Healthy aging, hope, negative affect, psychological outcomes, resistance training
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Geriatrics
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-57052DOI: 10.1080/08952841.2017.1301720ISI: 000443902100002PubMedID: 28375777Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85017094736OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-57052DiVA, id: diva2:1088412
Available from: 2017-04-12 Created: 2017-04-12 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. A Salutogenic perspective on resistance training: a study on healthy old adult women
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Salutogenic perspective on resistance training: a study on healthy old adult women
2018 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The number of people aged 60 years and over has doubled since 1980and the World Health Organization predicts that the population of over60s will reach 2 billion by the year 2050. An ageing population poses bothchallenges and opportunities for society and for individuals. Whilst theseare positive statements, increases in life spans do not directly lead to increasesin health spans. The naturally occurring ageing process can leadto reductions in functionality and, in order to address this, scholars haveargued the benefits of regularly engaging in physical activity, and especiallyresistance training. Therefore, an important challenge for modernsociety is to develop strategies that delay the onset of disease, such as interventionsthat include physical activity. This licentiate thesis investigatesolder women’s physical activity in a resistance training context and howthis affects different aspects of their health.The overall aim of the thesis is to explore healthy and physically activeolder women’s experiences of what maintains and enhances their healthafter starting resistance training.This thesis used a quantitative and a qualitative approach to investigatea group of old adult women. Data collection was structured in questionnaires(n=32) with one intervention group and one control group for thepaper I, and focus group interviews (n=14) in paper II. Paper I studied theeffects of resistance training on physically active and healthy olderwomen. Paper II relates to the women who continued to exercise after theresistance training intervention ended in order to explore their health resources.The theoretical framework used in this thesis is a movement towardshealth as explained by salutogenic theory.This thesis showed that resistance training has positive effects on psychologicalwell-being and is important because it not only benefits thosewho are physically inactive, but also those who are already physically activeand healthy.From a salutogenic perspective, physical activity provides a meaningful,comprehensible and manageable way for older women to engage in theongoing process of maintaining health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University, 2018. p. 72
Series
Örebro Studies in Sport Sciences, ISSN 1654-7535 ; 27
Keywords
Health resources, exercise, resistance traning, salutogenes, old adult women, healthy aging, hope, negative affect, psychological outcomes
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-71411 (URN)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-02-15 Created: 2019-01-11 Last updated: 2019-02-15Bibliographically approved

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Ericson, HelenaSkoog, TheréseJohansson, MattiasWåhlin-Larsson, Britta

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