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Impact of emotional distress and pain-related fear on patients with chronic pain: Subgroup analysis of patients referred to multimodal rehabilitation
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. Psychosomatic Medicine Clinic, Västerås, Sweden.
Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Department of Clinical Sciences, Danderyd Hospital, Division of Rehabilitation Medicine, Stockholm, Sweden.
Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Pain and Rehabilitation Centre, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Department of Clinical Sciences, Danderyd Hospital, Division of Rehabilitation Medicine, Stockholm, Sweden; Institute for Psychophysiological, Behavioral Medicine, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2017 (English)In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 49, no 4, 354-361 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Multimodal rehabilitation programmes (MMRP) for chronic pain could be improved by determining which patients do not benefit fully. General distress and pain-related fear may explain variations in the treatment effects of MMRP.

Design: Cohort study with a cross-sectional, prospective part.

Patients: Chronic musculoskeletal pain patients referred to 2 hospital-based pain rehabilitation clinics.

Methods: The cross-sectional part of this study cluster analyses patients (n = 1,218) with regard to distress and pain-related fear at first consultation in clinical pain rehabilitation and describes differences in external variables between clusters. The prospective part follows the subsample of patients (n = 260) participating in MMRP and describes outcome post-treatment.

Results: Four distinct subgroups were found: (i) those with low levels of distress and pain-related fear; (ii) those with high levels of pain-related fear; (iii) those with high levels of distress; and (iv) those with high levels of distress and pain-related fear. These subgroups showed differences in demographics, pain characteristics, quality of life, and acceptance, as well as the degree of MMRP participation and MMRP outcome.

Conclusion: Among patients with chronic pain referred to MMRP there are subgroups with different profiles of distress and pain-related fear, which are relevant to understanding the adaptation to pain and MMRP outcome. This knowledge may help us to select patients and tailor treatment for better results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Foundation for Rehabilitation Information , 2017. Vol. 49, no 4, 354-361 p.
Keyword [en]
chronic pain, rehabilitation, multidisciplinary pain clinic, fear avoidance beliefs, distress, profiles, Swedish Quality Registry for Pain Rehabilitation
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-57517DOI: 10.2340/16501977-2212ISI: 000398570000009PubMedID: 28352937ScopusID: 2-s2.0-85017019660OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-57517DiVA: diva2:1092317
Note

Funding Agencies:

Vardal Foundation (Rehsam)

AFA Insurance

ALF (University Hospital Linköping)

Available from: 2017-05-02 Created: 2017-05-02 Last updated: 2017-05-02Bibliographically approved

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