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Oral health of individuals aged 3-80 years in Jonkoping, Sweden during 40 years (1973-2013)
Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden; Malmö University, Faculty of Odontology, Malmö, Sweden.
Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping, Sweden.
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2015 (English)In: Swedish Dental Journal, ISSN 0347-9994, Vol. 39, no 2, 69-86 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this epidemiological study performed in 2013 was to analyze various clinical and radiographic data on oral health and compare the results to those of four cross-sectional studies carried out 1973-2003. In 1973,1983,1993,2003, and 2013 random samples of 1,000;1,104;1,078; 987; and 1,010 individuals, respectively, were studied. The individuals were evenly distributed in the age groups 3,5,10,15, 20,30,40,50, 60,70, and 8o years. Eighty-year-olds were not included in 1973. All subjects were inhabitants of the city of Jonkoping, Sweden.

The clinical and radiographic examination assessed edentulousness, removable dentures, implants, number of teeth, caries, restorations, oral hygiene, calculus, periodontal status, and endodontic treatment.

The frequency of edentulous individuals aged 40-70 years was 16,12, 8,1, and 0.3% in 1973,1983,1993, 2003, and 2013, respectively. No complete denture wearer younger than 80-years old was found in 2013. During the 40-year period, the mean number of teeth in the age groups 30-80 years increased. In 2013, the 60-year-olds had nearly complete dentitions. Implants were found in all age groups from 30 years of age. The total number of individuals with implants was 36 in 2013.This was higher than earlier surveys,4 in 1993, and 18 in 2003.

The percentage of children and adults without caries and restorations increased during the 40-year period. It was found that the percentage of caries-free 3- and 5-year-olds were 79% and 69%, respectively, of the individuals in 2013. In the age groups 10-20 years, the percentage of caries-free individuals increased between 2003 and 2013. In 2013,43% of the 15-year-olds were completely free from caries and restorations compared to 20% in 2003. In all age groups 5-60 years, DFS was lower in 2013 compared to the earlier examinations. There was no major change in DFS between 2003 and 2013 in the age groups 70 and 80 years. The most obvious change was the decrease in number of FS over the 40 year period of time. Regarding crowned teeth the most clear changes between 1973 to 2013 were the decrease in percentage of crowned teeth in the age goups 4o and 50-year-olds. The percentage of endodontically treated teeth decreased between 1973 and 2013 in all age groups.

In age groups-Jo-30-year-olds a major reduction from about 3o% to 15% in mean plaque score was seen between 1973-2003. Only a minor change in plaque score was seen during the last decade. For the age groups 40 years and older, a decrease in the percentage of surfaces with plaque was observed between 2003-2o13.The percentage of tooth sites with gingivitis was for zo years and older about 4o% in 1973. In 2013, the percentage was about15%. The frequency of sites with gingivitis was generally lower in 2013 compared with the other years:1973-1993.

The percentage of individuals with probing pocket depths >4mm increased with age. Between 2003-2013 a clear reduction was seen in all age groups in frequency of individuals with probing pocket depth >4mm. Over the 40-year period an increase in the number of individuals with no marginal bone loss and a decrease in the number of subjects with moderate alveolar bone loss were seen.

The continuous improvement in oral health and the reduced need of restorative treatment will seriously affect the provision of dental helath care and dental delivery system in the near future.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Swedish Dental Association , 2015. Vol. 39, no 2, 69-86 p.
Keyword [en]
Epidemiology, oral health, dental caries, periodontal disease, endodontics
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-57656ISI: 000377057900003PubMedID: 26529833ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84937928052OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-57656DiVA: diva2:1095476
Note

Funding Agencies:

Public Dental Health Service

Futurum Academy for Health and Care, Region Jönköping County, Sweden

Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden, Linköping, Sweden

Available from: 2017-05-15 Created: 2017-05-15 Last updated: 2017-05-15Bibliographically approved

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