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Sick leave among parents of children with cancer: a national cohort study
Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Centre for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK. (Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6328-5494
Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2017 (English)In: Acta Oncologica, ISSN 0284-186X, E-ISSN 1651-226X, Vol. 56, no 5, p. 692-697Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Due to psychological distress and an increased care burden, parents of children diagnosed with cancer may face a higher risk of sickness absence from work. The objective of this study was to examine the association of childhood cancer with parents' sick leave.

Material and methods: The sample comprised 3626 parents of 1899 children diagnosed with cancer in Sweden during 2004-2009, and a matched control group of parents (n=34 874). Sick leave was measured as number of days with sickness benefit, retrieved from national registries. Logistic and negative binomial regression models were used to compare outcomes with parents from the control cohort.

Results: The risk of sick leave was statistically significantly higher up to six years following a child's cancer diagnosis. The increase in number of days with sickness benefit was most pronounced the year after diagnosis. Although mothers' sick leave prevalence was higher, the increase in risk relative to control parents was similar for mothers and fathers. Bereavement was associated with a heightened risk of sick leave, especially on the year of the child's death.

Conclusions: Findings confirm that mothers and fathers of children diagnosed with cancer are at higher risk of sickness absence from work, with particularly pronounced risk among bereaved parents. Acquisition of further knowledge is warranted regarding possibilities and constraints of parents trying to combine their work life with caring for both their child and themselves.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2017. Vol. 56, no 5, p. 692-697
National Category
Cancer and Oncology
Research subject
Oncology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-57875DOI: 10.1080/0284186X.2016.1275780ISI: 000400270300010PubMedID: 28084892Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85010692872OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-57875DiVA, id: diva2:1103854
Funder
Swedish Childhood Cancer Foundation, PR2010-0048 TJ2011-0026
Note

Funding Agency:

Karolinska Institutet KID-grant  2-3591/2014

Available from: 2017-05-31 Created: 2017-05-31 Last updated: 2018-07-20Bibliographically approved

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Montgomery, Scott

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