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Self-perceived taste disturbance: a 20-year prospective study of a Swedish 1942 birth cohort
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Orebro University Hospital. Department of Dentistry, Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8969-1650
Dental Commissioning Unit, Östergötland County Council, Linköping University, Sweden; Department of Oral Public Health, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: Gerodontology, ISSN 0734-0664, E-ISSN 1741-2358, Vol. 34, no 2, 180-186 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of dental care factors, general health factors and socio-economic factors on perceived taste disturbance (PTD) over time and to assess the stability of or change in PTD in a panel of individuals as they progressed from middle age (50 years) to early old age (70 years).

Materials and methods: Data collection was conducted from a cohort study beginning in 1992, when the participants were 50 years old, and again 5, 10, 15 and 20 years later. Stability and change in PTD were described using cross-tabulation. Perceived taste disturbance over the 20-year survey period was modelled using the generalised estimating equation (GEE).

Results: The prevalence of PTD during a 5-year period found in this study ranged from 2.4 to 2.9%, the latter in individuals between 60 and 70 years of age. Women generally had PTD more often than men. The longitudinal analysis showed that problems with bad breath (OR = 3.6), blisters (OR = 3.4), burning mouth (OR = 3.4) and self-perceived health (OR = 2.7) were the most important factors explaining PTD.

Conclusions: This study showed that PTD does not increase between 50 and 70 years of age in ordinary community-living individuals. There were no long-term impacts on PTD over time from socio-economic factors, and over time, there were a limited number of factors contributing to the effect. Bad breath, blisters, burning mouth and self-perceived health are important factors for the dentist to discuss with the patient in the case of PTD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017. Vol. 34, no 2, 180-186 p.
Keyword [en]
longitudinal study, older people, oral health, PTD
National Category
Dentistry Geriatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-57859DOI: 10.1111/ger.12244ISI: 000400306000005PubMedID: 27500585Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84983002222OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-57859DiVA: diva2:1104150
Note

Funding Agencies:

Department of Dentistry, Region Örebro County  

Dental Commissioning Unit, Region Östergötland County 

Available from: 2017-05-31 Created: 2017-05-31 Last updated: 2017-05-31Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • de-DE
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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