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Can training in empathetic validation improve medical students´communication with patients suffering pain?: A test of concept
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5359-0452
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2718-7402
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
2017 (English)In: Pain Reports, E-ISSN 2471-2531, Vol. 2, no 3, e600Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Patient-centered, empathetic communication has been recommended as a means for improving the health care ofpatients suffering pain. However, a problem has been training health care providers since programs may be time-consuming anddifficult to learn. Validation, a form of empathetic response that communicates that what a patient experiences is accepted as true,has been suggested as an appropriate method for improving communication with patients suffering pain.

Objectives: We study the immediate effects of providing medical students with a 2-session (45-minute duration each) program invalidation skills on communication.

Methods: A one group, pretest vs posttest design was employed with 22 volunteer medical students. To control patient variables,actors simulated 1 of 2 patient scenarios (randomly provided at pretest and posttest). Video recordings were blindly evaluated. Selfratingsof validation and satisfaction were also employed.

Results: Observed validation responses increased significantly after training and corresponded to significant reductions ininvalidating responses. Both the patient simulators and the medical students were significantly more satisfied after the training.

Conclusions: We demonstrated that training empathetic validation results in improved communication thus extending previousfindings to a medical setting with patients suffering pain. Our results suggest that it would be feasible to provide validation training forhealth care providers and this warrants further investigation in controlled studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2017. Vol. 2, no 3, e600
Keyword [en]
Patient-centered communication, Pain, Validation, Training of professionals
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-59105DOI: 10.1097/PR9.0000000000000600OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-59105DiVA: diva2:1133427
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2012-807
Note

Funding Agency:

Örebro University

Available from: 2017-08-15 Created: 2017-08-15 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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Linton, Steven J.Flink, IdaEdlund, Sara
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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • de-DE
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