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Increasing survival of patients with urinary bladder cancer: A nationwide study in Sweden 1960-1986
Department of Urology, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Epidemiology, Boston MA, United States.
Cancer Epidemiology Unit, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Epidemiology, Boston MA, United States.
Department of Urology, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Epidemiology, Boston MA, United States. (Urologisk Cancer)
Department of Statistics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
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1993 (English)In: European Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0959-8049, E-ISSN 1879-0852, Vol. 29A, no 13, 1868-1872 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Survival rates were analysed in 29,055 patients with urinary bladder cancer diagnosed in Sweden from 1960 to 1986 and followed up until 1987. The 2-, 5- and 10-year relative survival rates were 79, 70 and 64% for men and 75, 68 and 63% for women, respectively. Patients with a history of bladder cancer for at least 15 years ran a negligible risk of dying from their disease. Prognosis was consistently better in younger than in older patients; below 50 years of age the 5-year relative survival rate was 90%, as compared with 60% in patients aged 70-79 years. Patients diagnosed between 1960 and 1964 had a 60% 5-year relative survival, as compared to 71% in those diagnosed between 1980 and 1984. Multivariate analyses further confirmed that age but not sex is an important prognostic factor in bladder cancer and, further, that a substantial improvement in survival rates took place during the 1960-1986 period. Compared with 1960-1964 the risk of dying of bladder cancer within 5 years in patients diagnosed between 1980 and 1984 was 51% lower in men [relative risk (RR) = 0.49; 95% confidence interval (C.I.) 0.42-0.57] and 44% lower in women (RR = 0.56; 95% C.I. 0.45-0.70).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 1993. Vol. 29A, no 13, 1868-1872 p.
National Category
Urology and Nephrology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-54886DOI: 10.1016/0959-8049(93)90540-VISI: A1993MA41300019PubMedID: 8260244Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0027424996OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-54886DiVA: diva2:1135284
Available from: 2017-08-22 Created: 2017-08-22 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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