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Hospital disaster preparedness as measured by functional capacity: a comparison between Iran and Sweden
Department of Clinical Science and Education, Karolinska Institutet, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden; RIMEDIM - Center for Research and Education in Emergency and Disaster Medicine, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy.
epartment of Clinical Sciences and Education and Section of Emergency Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden.
epartment of Clinical Science and Education, Karolinska Institutet, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden; ursing Department, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation, Tehran, Iran.
epartment of Physiology and Pharmacology and Section of Anaesthesiology and Intensive care, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2013 (English)In: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, ISSN 1049-023X, E-ISSN 1945-1938, Vol. 28, no 5, 454-461 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

INTRODUCTION: Hospitals are expected to continue to provide medical care during disasters. However, they often fail to function under these circumstances. Vulnerability to disasters has been shown to be related to the socioeconomic level of a country. This study compares hospital preparedness, as measured by functional capacity, between Iran and Sweden.

METHODS: Hospital affiliation and size, and type of hazards, were compared between Iran and Sweden. The functional capacity was evaluated and calculated using the Hospital Safety Index (HSI) from the World Health Organization. The level and value of each element was determined, in consensus, by a group of evaluators. The sum of the elements for each sub-module led to a total sum, in turn, categorizing the functional capacity into one of three categories: A) functional; B) at risk; or C) inadequate.

RESULTS: The Swedish hospitals (n = 4) were all level A, while the Iranian hospitals (n = 5) were all categorized as level B, with respect to functional capacity. A lack of contingency plans and the availability of resources were weaknesses of hospital preparedness. There was no association between the level of hospital preparedness and hospital affiliation or size for either country.

CONCLUSION: The results suggest that the level of hospital preparedness, as measured by functional capacity, is related to the socioeconomic level of the country. The challenge is therefore to enhance hospital preparedness in countries with a weaker economy, since all hospitals need to be prepared for a disaster. There is also room for improvement in more affluent countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2013. Vol. 28, no 5, 454-461 p.
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
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URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-59271DOI: 10.1017/S1049023X13008807PubMedID: 23962358Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84895852269OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-59271DiVA: diva2:1135541
Available from: 2017-08-23 Created: 2017-08-23 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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