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Dignity-conserving care actions in palliative care: an integrative review of Swedish research.
Centre for Collaborative Palliative Care, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9209-5179
Centre for Collaborative Palliative Care, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
Centre for Collaborative Palliative Care, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden; Centre for Collaborative Palliative Care, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden; Centre for Research & Development, Uppsala University/Region Gävleborg, Gävle, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Previous research has proposed that persons in need of palliative care often have a loss of functions and roles that affects social and existential self-image. Moreover, these individuals also commonly suffer from complex multisymptoms. This, together with the situation of facing an impending death, can lead to a loss of dignity. Therefore, supporting these persons' dignity is a crucial challenge for professional nurses. The 'Dignity Care Intervention' addresses the multidimensionality of dignity by identifying patients' dignity-related concerns and suggests care actions to address them. At the present, the Dignity Care Intervention is adapted for implementation in Swedish care settings. Because expressions of dignity are influenced by culture, and an overview of care actions in a Swedish context is lacking, this integrative review aimed to find suggestions from Swedish research literature on what kind of care actions can preserve dignity.

METHODS: An integrative literature review was conducted using the databases SwePub and SweMed+. Articles published from 2006 to 2015 and theses published from 2000 to 2015 were searched for using the terms 'dignity' and 'palliative care'. Result sections of articles and theses were reviewed for dignity-conserving care actions synthesised by thematic analysis and categorised under themes and subthemes in Chochinov's model of dignity.

RESULTS: Fifteen articles and 18 theses were included together providing suggestions of care actions in all themes and subthemes in the dignity model. Suggested care actions included listening, communication, information, symptom control, facilitating daily living and including patients in decision-making. Additionally, nurses' perceptiveness towards the patients was a core approach.

CONCLUSION: The review offers culturally relevant suggestions on how to address specific dignity-related concerns. The adapted Dignity Care Intervention will be a way for Swedish nurses to provide person-centred palliative care that will conserve patients' dignity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
Chochinov's model of dignity, dignity, end-of-life care, integrative review, palliative care, the Dignity Care Intervention
National Category
Nursing Medical Ethics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-60873DOI: 10.1111/scs.12433PubMedID: 28509335OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-60873DiVA: diva2:1144581
Note

Funding agencies:Kamprad Family Foundation for Entrepeneurship, Research, & Charity. Grant Number: 20152002

Available from: 2017-09-26 Created: 2017-09-26 Last updated: 2017-09-26Bibliographically approved

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