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How is abuse in the family linked to self-harm during adolescence?
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In this longitudinal study we examined some risk factors within the family environment that increase the likelihood to engage in self-harming behaviors during adolescence. Specifically, we answered three questions. First: “Which among different indicators of emotional abuse, namely parents’ bad reaction to disclosure, coldness/reaction and angry outburst is the strongest predictor of self-harm?”. Second: “When comparing the strongest emotional abuse factor and physical abuse, which is the strongest predictor of self-harm?”. Third: “Are there any gender differences in how the strongest emotional abuse factor and physical abuse influence self-harm?”. To answer these questions we used data from 1002 Swedish adolescents at two different time points (T1 and T2). Through the use of regression analyses, the results suggested that: 1) In the examination of emotional abuse, parents’ bad reactions to disclosure is the strongest predictor of self-harm. 2) In the comparison between the strongest emotional abuse factor and physical abuse, parents’ bad reactions to disclosure is the strongest risk factor for the occurrence of self-harm. 3) Specifically, the link between parents’ bad reaction to disclosure and physical abuse in self-harm was true for girls but not boys. These results strengthen and determines gaps in previous theories and research findings regarding the risk factors for the occurrence of self-harm among adolescents, increasing the knowledge of where to focus to prevent self-harm in future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
Adolescence, Self-harm, Risk factors within the family, Parent-child relationship, Emotional abuse, Physical abuse.
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-61257OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-61257DiVA: diva2:1146985
Subject / course
Psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-10-04 Created: 2017-10-04

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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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