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The relations between conscientiousness and mental health in a North-European and a West-Asian culture
Department of Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9862-3032
Department of Psychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.
2017 (English)In: Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 0963-8237, E-ISSN 1360-0567, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: The relationship between conscientiousness, mental health and mental illness has been an issue for the last two decades.

AIMS: By using a dual model of mental health, the present study examined a non-linear relationship between conscientiousness and healthy or non-healthy symptoms in two different cultures.

METHOD: Participants in this study were 296 Iranian and 310 Swedish university students (18-24 years of age). We used two different conscientiousness scales; the 12-item conscientiousness subscale of the NEO/FFI as an imported (etic) scale, and a 10-item Iranian conscientiousness scale as an indigenous (emic) and culture-dependent scale.

RESULTS: In both conscientiousness scales, multivariate analysis of variance showed that conscientiousness differentiated among four mental health groups (languishing, troubled, symptomatic and flourishing), although languishing and troubled individuals were less conscientious than flourishing and symptomatic individuals. Furthermore, the non-healthy symptomatic individuals were more conscientiousness than flourishing individuals. The results showed no significant differences between the two cultures in terms of the four mental health categories.

CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that the relationship between conscientiousness and mental health/mental illness is more a non-linear relationship than a linear one.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2017. p. 1-7
Keywords [en]
Conscientiousness, flourishing, languishing, mental health, mental illness, symptomatic, troubled
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-61782DOI: 10.1080/09638237.2017.1340597PubMedID: 28675316OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-61782DiVA, id: diva2:1151529
Available from: 2017-10-23 Created: 2017-10-23 Last updated: 2017-10-23Bibliographically approved

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Kormi-Nouri, Reza

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