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Electrical pulse stimulation: an in vitro exercise model for the induction of human skeletal muscle cell hypertrophy. A proof-of-concept study
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.
School of Medicine, Royal Derby Hospital, University of Nottingham, Derby, UK.
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9831-0896
2017 (English)In: Experimental Physiology, ISSN 0958-0670, E-ISSN 1469-445X, Vol. 102, no 11, p. 1405-1413Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

New Findings:

  • What is the central question of this study?

Is electrical pulse stimulation (EPS) an in vitro exercise model able to elicit the hypertrophy of human muscle cells?

  • What is the main finding and its importance?

The addition of a restitution period of 8h after EPS induces the enlargement of human muscle cells, a major physiological end-point to resistance exercise. This is supported by downregulationof myostatin, a negative regulator of muscle mass, and increased phosphorylated mTOR and 4E-BP1, key factors in the growth cascade. This proof-of-concept study provides a model of physiologically mediated muscle growth, which will be the basis for future studies aiming to depict molecular events governing the hypertrophy of human muscle cells.

Electrical pulse stimulation (EPS) of muscle cells has previouslybeenused as an in vitro exercise model. The present study aimedto establish an EPS protocol promoting the hypertrophy ofhuman muscle cells, which represents a major physiological end-point to resistance exercise in humans. We hypothesized that adding a resting period after EPS would be crucial for the occurrence of the morphological change. Myoblasts obtained from human muscle biopsies (n=5) were differentiated into multinucleated myotubes and exposed to 8h of EPS consisting of 2ms pulses at 12V, with a frequency of 1Hz. Myotube size was assessed using immunohistochemistry immediately, 4 and 8h after completed EPS. Gene expression and phosphorylation status of selected markers of hypertrophy were assessed using RT-PCR and Western blotting, respectively. Release of the myokine interleukin-6 in culture medium was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. We demonstrated a significant increase (31 +/- 14%; P=0.03) in the size of myotubes when EPS was followed by an 8h resting period, but not immediately or 4h after completion of EPS. The response was supported by downregulation (P=0.04) of the gene expression of myostatin, a negative regulator of muscle mass, and an increase in phosphorylated mTOR (P=0.03) and 4E-BP1 (P=0.01), which are important factors in the cellular growth signalling cascade. The present work demonstrates that EPS is an in vitro exercise model promoting the hypertrophy of human muscle cells, recapitulating a major physiological end-point to resistance exercise in human skeletal muscle.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017. Vol. 102, no 11, p. 1405-1413
Keywords [en]
Cell growth, muscle contraction, myotube morphology
National Category
Physiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-61685DOI: 10.1113/EP086581ISI: 000414175100010PubMedID: 28861930Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85032974682OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-61685DiVA, id: diva2:1156787
Available from: 2017-11-14 Created: 2017-11-14 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved

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Tarum, JanelleFolkesson, MattiasKadi, Fawzi

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