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State formation and the rise of elementary education at the periphery of Europe: The cases of Finland and Turkey 1860-1930
Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3444-952X
Institute of Social Sciences, Düzce University, Düzce, Turkey.
Faculty of Education, University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland.
2017 (English)In: Journal of Educational Administration & History, ISSN 0022-0620, E-ISSN 1478-7431Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This article addresses the role of the state and state formation in theestablishment of national education during the nineteenth centuryand early twentieth century. Through a comparative case analysis oftwo countries at the European periphery (Finland and Turkey), thisarticle shows how national educational systems, in both instances,were driven by periods of intense state building. In the nineteenthcentury, military defeats sparked educational reforms, and inthe early nineteenth century school laws were enacted due tothe establishment of the republics of Finland and Turkey.Nevertheless, these examples also show the limits of a stateformation perspective. Despite changes in educational policy,neither state reached high enrolment levels in the nineteenthcentury, and only in Finland schooling for all was realised in the1930s. Thus, this work encourages further comparative analyses ofthe social, economic and political circumstances in which thesestates acted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2017.
Keyword [en]
State formation; elementary education; history of education
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-62713DOI: 10.1080/00220620.2017.1391185OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-62713DiVA: diva2:1158583
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2016-05230
Available from: 2017-11-20 Created: 2017-11-20 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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Westberg, Johannes

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