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Clientelism and ethnic divisions in African countries
Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2447-3665
Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: African Affairs, ISSN 0001-9909, E-ISSN 1468-2621, Vol. 116, no 465, p. 621-647Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article investigates the commonly assumed link between ethnic divisions and clientelism in African politics by examining the role of contextual ethnic divisions and specific ethnic affiliations in shaping attitudes towards clientelism. The empirical findings, drawing on quantitative data for 38,293 survey respondents across 25 African countries suggest important country heterogeneity, but also highlight some regularities. In particular, the ethnic composition of the population in the area of residence, rather than the individual's own ethnic affiliation, is important in shaping support for clientelism. Individuals living in a region where the majority of the population is the president's co-ethnics tend to be more supportive of clientelism, regardless of their own ethnic affiliation. The wide coverage of the results makes them especially interesting; while a number of studies suggest ethnically based targeted transfers in specific sectors or settings, this study explores the links between different forms of ethnic divisions and support for clientelism in a large multi-country African sample.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2017. Vol. 116, no 465, p. 621-647
National Category
Law and Society
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-62820DOI: 10.1093/afraf/adx028ISI: 000413547000004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85032664532OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-62820DiVA, id: diva2:1160133
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilAvailable from: 2017-11-24 Created: 2017-11-24 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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Isaksson, Ann-Sofie

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