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Variants of Psychopathy and the Dependence on Gender, Age, and Ethnic Background
Child and Education Studies, Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Leiden University, Leiden, the Netherlands.
Child and Education Studies, Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Leiden University, Leiden, the Netherlands.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8163-6558
Department of Psychology, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.
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2017 (English)In: Journal of Personality Disorders, ISSN 0885-579X, E-ISSN 1943-2763, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The current study examines variants of psychopathy in a community sample of Dutch adolescents (N = 2,855, 57% male) using three dimensions of psychopathy and trait anxiety. Five subgroups were identified, two with high levels of psychopathic traits. The first seemed consistent with primary psychopathy, high on all dimensions, with additional low levels of anxiety, whereas the second showed elevated levels of anxiety, consistent with secondary psychopathy. Two variants low on psychopathic traits were identified: a low-risk variant and an anxious variant. Further, a moderate-risk group was found, with slightly above average psychopathy traits and average levels of mental health problems. The secondary psychopathy and the anxious variant reported the most problem behaviors. Boys, younger adolescents, and non-Western immigrant youth were overrepresented in the secondary group. These findings show that in a community sample psychopathy is a heterogeneous phenomenon.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Guilford Publications, 2017. p. 1-17
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Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-62445DOI: 10.1521/pedi_2017_31_319PubMedID: 28972813OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-62445DiVA, id: diva2:1162943
Available from: 2017-12-05 Created: 2017-12-05 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Andershed, Henrik

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