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Outcomes after resection versus non-resection management of penetrating grade III and IV pancreatic injury: A trauma quality improvement (TQIP) databank analysis
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Örebro University Hospital. Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Emergency Surgery.
Center for Trauma and Critical Care, Department of Surgery, George Washington University, United States.
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2018 (English)In: Injury, ISSN 0020-1383, E-ISSN 1879-0267, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 27-32Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: High-grade traumatic pancreatic injuries are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Non-resection management is associated with fewer complications in pediatric patients. The present study evaluates outcomes following resection versus non-resection management of severe pancreatic injury caused by penetrating trauma.

METHODS: A retrospective study of the Trauma Quality Improvement Program (TQIP) database was performed from 1/2010 to 12/2014. Patients with AAST Organ Injury Scale pancreatic grade III and IV injuries caused by penetrating trauma were included in the study. Demographics, vital signs on admission, Abbreviated Injury Scale per body region, Injury Severity Score, transfusion and therapeutic modality were obtained. Mortality, length of stay (LOS), pseudocyst, pancreatitis, sepsis, thromboembolism, renal failure, ARDS and unplanned ICU admission or re-operation were stratified according to injury grade and treatment modality. Patients were stratified into those who did/did not undergo pancreatic resection.

RESULTS: A total of 4,098 patients had a pancreatic injury of which 15.9% (n=653) had a grade III and 6.7% (n=274) a grade IV pancreatic injury. There were no differences in patient demographics or overall injury severity between the resected and non-resected cohorts within each pancreatic injury grade. Forty-two percent of grade III and 38.0% of grade IV injuries underwent pancreatic resection. The total LOS was longer in the resection arm irrespective of pancreatic injury severity. There was no significant difference in morbidity between cohorts. Similarly, mortality was not significantly different between the two management approaches for grade III: 15.1% (95% CI 11.0-19.9) vs. 18.4% (95% CI 14.6-22.6), p=0.32 and grade IV: 24.0% (95% CI: 16.2-33.4) vs. 27.1% (95% CI: 20.5-34.4), p=0.68.

CONCLUSION: Resection for treatment of grade III and IV pancreatic injury is not associated with a significant decrease in mortality but is associated with an increase in hospital LOS.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 49, no 1, p. 27-32
Keywords [en]
Pancreas, Pancreatic injury, Pancreatic resection
National Category
Surgery Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-63030DOI: 10.1016/j.injury.2017.11.021ISI: 000422767800005PubMedID: 29173964Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85034656834OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-63030DiVA, id: diva2:1163627
Available from: 2017-12-07 Created: 2017-12-07 Last updated: 2018-01-31Bibliographically approved

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Mohseni, ShahinSjölin, GabrielAhl, Rebecka

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