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Participation in physical activities -a multilevel challenge for adolescents with autism spectrum disorders
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. University Health Care Research Center (UFC) Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden.
Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, University of Gävle, Gävle , Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. University Health Care Research Center (UFC) Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6703-7575
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Physical inactivity is one of the biggest current public health problems. Few adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) achieve the recommendation of daily physical activity (PA). The reasons for not being physically active depend on several complex factors, yet not comprehensively described from the adolescents’point of view. The absence of their perspective means that intervention strategies for health enhancing physical activity may not encompass the experiences of the adolescents themselves. Therefore the purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of the perceptions, experiences and reflections of adolescents with ASDs’participation in PA.

Participants and methods: Twenty-four adolescents, diagnosed with ASD without a co-occurring intellectual disability, aged 12-16 years, participated in the study.Data was collected using qualitative interviews and inductively analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

Results: Adolescents with ASD were a heterogeneous group in regard to their current PA habits and preferences. Their willingness to participate in PA was conditioned regarding; what, where, when and with whom. They described challenges in the activity and the social context during PA, especially during the mandatory physical education. Perceived demands, freedom of choice, physical ability and sense of control affected their PA participation.

Conclusion: Findings indicate that the adolescents’willingness to participate was associated with interacting and individual-related conditions, which can be misinterpreted as unwillingness to participate in PA. Thus aspects of autonomy and knowledge about individual conditions and needs have to be recognized when intervention strategies for health enhancing physical activities are planned for this population.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
National Category
Other Health Sciences Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-63375OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-63375DiVA, id: diva2:1165917
Conference
29th European Academy of Childhood Disability Annual Meeting (EACD 2017), "Steps into the future", Amsterdam, The Netherlands, May 17-20, 2017
Available from: 2017-12-14 Created: 2017-12-14 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved

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Arnell, SusannLundqvist, Lars-Olov

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
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More languages
Output format
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