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Hearing impairment among adults: the impact of cardiovascular diseases and cardiovascular risk factors
Institute of Clinical Medicine, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Oulu, PO Box 5000, Oulu, Finland; Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Oulu University Hospital, Northern Ostrobothnia Hospital District, Oulu, Finland.
Institute of Clinical Medicine, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Oulu, PO Box 5000, Oulu, Finland; Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Oulu University Hospital, Northern Ostrobothnia Hospital District, Oulu, Finland.
Departments of Surgery and Anesthesiology, Oulu University Hospital, Northern Ostrobothnia Hospital District, Oulu, Finland.
Institute of Clinical Medicine, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Oulu, PO Box 5000, Oulu, Finland; Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Oulu University Hospital, Northern Ostrobothnia Hospital District, Oulu, Finland.
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2015 (English)In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 265-73Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of cardiovascular diseases on hearing impairment (HI) among adults. Furthermore, to seek other potential risk factors for HI, such as smoking, obesity, and socioeconomic class.

DESIGN: A cross-sectional, unscreened, population-based, epidemiological study among adults.

STUDY SAMPLE: The subjects (n = 850), aged 54-66 years, were randomly sampled from the population register. A questionnaire survey, an otological examination, and pure-tone audiometry were performed.

RESULTS: Cardiovascular diseases did not increase the risk for HI in a propensity-score adjusted logistic regression model: OR 1.24, 95% CI 0.79 to 1.96 for HI defined by better ear hearing level (BEHL), and OR 1.48, 95% CI 0.96 to 2.28 for HI defined by worse ear hearing level (WEHL), in the 0.5-4 kHz frequency range. Heavy smoking is a risk factor for HI among men (BEHL: OR 1.96, WEHL: OR 1.88) and women (WEHL: OR 2.4). Among men, obesity (BEHL, OR 1.85) and lower socioeconomic class (BEHL: OR 2.79, WEHL: OR 2.28) are also risk factors for HI.

CONCLUSION: No significant association between cardiovascular disease and HI was found.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2015. Vol. 54, no 4, p. 265-73
Keyword [en]
Hearing impairment, adult, body mass index, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, smoking, socioeconomic class
National Category
Otorhinolaryngology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-63442DOI: 10.3109/14992027.2014.974112ISI: 000352704800008PubMedID: 25547009Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84928041958OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-63442DiVA, id: diva2:1167772
Note

Funding agencies:

Oulu University Hospital  

European ARHI Project QLRT-2001-00331 

Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2018-01-15Bibliographically approved

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Mäki-Torkko, Elina

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