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Audiogram configurations among older adults: prevalence and relation to self-reported hearing problems
Department of Clinical Medicine, Otorhinolaryngology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.
Medical Informatics Group, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.
Department of Clinical Medicine, Neurology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.
Department of Clinical Medicine, Otorhinolaryngology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.
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2011 (English)In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 50, no 11, p. 793-801Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: There are only a few population-based epidemiological studies on audiogram configurations among adults. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of different audiogram configurations among older adults. In addition, audiogram configurations among subjects reporting hearing problems were examined.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional, population-based, unscreened epidemiological study among older adults.

STUDY SAMPLE: The subjects (n = 850), aged 54-66 years, were randomly sampled from the population register. A questionnaire survey, an otological examination, and pure-tone audiometry were performed.

RESULTS: The most prevalent audiogram configuration among men was high-frequency steeply sloping (65.3% left ear, 51.2% right ear) and among women, high-frequency gently sloping (33.0% left ear, 31.5% right ear). There were significantly more flat configurations among women than among men. Unclassified audiograms were common especially among women (17.5%). Subjects reporting hearing difficulties, difficulties in following conversation in noise, or tinnitus, more often had a high-frequency steeply sloping configuration than those not reporting.

CONCLUSIONS: High-frequency sloping audiogram configurations were common among older adults, and a high-frequency steeply sloping configuration was common among those reporting hearing problems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2011. Vol. 50, no 11, p. 793-801
National Category
Otorhinolaryngology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-63457DOI: 10.3109/14992027.2011.593562ISI: 000295799100002PubMedID: 21916791Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-80054061800OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-63457DiVA, id: diva2:1167886
Note

Funding agencies:

European ARHI Project QLRT-001-00331 

Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2018-01-16Bibliographically approved

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Mäki-Torkko, Elina

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