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Ear diseases and other risk factors for hearing impairment among adults: an epidemiological study
* Department of Clinical Medicine, Otorhinolaryngology, University of Oulu, Finland.
Medical Informatics Group, University of Oulu, Finland.
Department of Clinical Medicine, Neurology, University of Oulu, Finland.
* Department of Clinical Medicine, Otorhinolaryngology, University of Oulu, Finland.
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2012 (English)In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 51, no 11, 833-840 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of ear diseases, other otological risk factors potentially affecting hearing, and noise exposure among adults. Furthermore, subject-related factors possibly associated with hearing impairment (HI), i.e. handedness, eye color, and susceptibility to sunburn, were studied.

DESIGN: A cross-sectional, unscreened, population-based, epidemiological study among adults.

STUDY SAMPLE: The subjects (n = 850), aged 54-66 years, were randomly sampled from the population register. A questionnaire survey, an otological examination, and pure-tone audiometry were performed.

RESULTS: Chronic middle-ear disease (both active and inactive) was the most common ear disease with a prevalence of 5.3%, while the prevalence of otosclerosis was 1.3%, and that of Ménière's disease, 0.7%. Noise exposure was reported by 46% of the subjects, and it had no effect on hearing among those with no ear disease or other otological risk factors for HI. Dark eye color and non-susceptibility to sunburn were associated with HI among noise-exposed subjects.

CONCLUSIONS: Common ear diseases and other otological risk factors constitute a major part of the etiologies of HI among adults. Contrary to previous studies, noise exposure turned out to have only marginal effect on hearing among those with no otological risk factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2012. Vol. 51, no 11, 833-840 p.
National Category
Otorhinolaryngology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-63483DOI: 10.3109/14992027.2012.707334ISI: 000309746600005PubMedID: 22934931Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84867481428OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-63483DiVA: diva2:1168040
Note

Funding agencies:

European ARHI Project QLRT-2001-00331 

Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2018-01-15Bibliographically approved

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Mäki-Torkko, Elina

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