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Hearing impairment among adults: extent of the problem and scientific evidence on the outcome of hearing aid rehabilitation
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. University Hospital of Lund, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Lund, Sweden.
Statens Beredning for Medicinsk Utvärdering, Stockholm, Sweden.
MRC Institute of Hearing Research, Nottingham, United Kingdom.
Ullevål Sykehus, Oslo, Norway.
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2001 (English)In: Scandinavian audiology. Supplementum, ISSN 0107-8593, Vol. 30, no 54Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Scientific surveys on current and estimated prevalence of hearing impairment (HI) in adult populations (> or = 18 years of age) in Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom, and scientific reports on the outcome of hearing aid (HA) rehabilitation worldwide were reviewed. Only a few of the studies meet strict scientific criteria, and many locally clinically relevant studies cannot be generalized to larger populations. Population-based studies indicate an increase in prevalence of HI with age, but because of differences in study populations and available national population statistics, the studies do not allow reliable comparisons between countries or estimation of future prevalence of HI. Studies on HA prescription or outcomes do not provide uniform data in favour of non-linear amplification, but they do show some subject preference for the newer technology. No conclusions can be drawn regarding the degree of HI and the effects of amplification. The literature review alone gives only limited information regarding the extent of the problem of HI in adult populations in the target countries. Similarly, only a few studies on HA outcome meet strict scientific criteria and even fewer studies correlate rehabilitation outcome with the degree of HI, disability or handicap.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2001. Vol. 30, no 54
National Category
Otorhinolaryngology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-63485DOI: 10.1080/010503901750409385ISI: 000171483900003PubMedID: 11688602Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0034740794OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-63485DiVA, id: diva2:1168042
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2018-01-15Bibliographically approved

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Mäki-Torkko, Elina

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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