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Development of post-operative insulin resistance is associated with the magnitude of the operation
Department of Surgery, Karolinska Hospital & Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
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1993 (English)In: European Journal of Surgery, ISSN 1102-4151, E-ISSN 1741-9271, Vol. 159, no 11-12, p. 593-599Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE:To study the development of insulin resistance and changes in stress hormone concentrations in patients undergoing elective operations of different magnitude.

DESIGN:Prospective open study.

SETTING:University hospital, Sweden.

SUBJECTS:12 otherwise healthy patients, undergoing elective surgery for cholecystectomy (n = 6) and inguinal hernia repair (n = 6).

INTERVENTIONS:Insulin sensitivity was measured by the normoglycaemic, hyperinsulinaemic glucose clamp technique before operation (control) and on the first postoperative day.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:Relative insulin sensitivity (compared with preoperative) on the day after each operation. Changes in stress hormone concentrations in relation to the relative change in insulin sensitivity.

RESULTS:After hernia repair, mean (SEM) insulin sensitivity was reduced by 32 (4)%, p < 0.05 compared with baseline, and after open cholecystectomy by 56 (3)%, (p < 0.05). The difference between the two groups was highly significant (p < 0.01). The changes in concentrations of catecholamines, glucagon, cortisol and growth hormone after operation were only small, and did not correlate with the relative changes in insulin sensitivity.

CONCLUSIONS:Insulin resistance develops even after a minor elective operation, (inguinal hernia repair). The degree of postoperative insulin resistance was more pronounced after open cholecystectomy. The alteration in insulin sensitivity could not be related to simultaneous changes in the hormones studied.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Scandinavia , 1993. Vol. 159, no 11-12, p. 593-599
National Category
Surgery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-63843PubMedID: 8130300OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-63843DiVA, id: diva2:1170937
Available from: 2018-01-05 Created: 2018-01-05 Last updated: 2018-02-05Bibliographically approved

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Ljungqvist, Olle

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CiteExportLink to record
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