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Starvation increases the number of coliform bacteria in ceacum and induces bacterial adherence to caecal epithelium in rats
Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
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1997 (English)In: European Journal of Surgery, ISSN 1102-4151, E-ISSN 1741-9271, Vol. 163, no 2, p. 135-142Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To investigate the impact of starvation for 24 and 48 h on the number of coliform bacteria in the caecal contents, on the mucosal adherence of coliform bacteria, and on bacterial translocation in rats.

Design: Open prospective study.

Setting: University departments of surgery and microbiology, Sweden.

Material: 46 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats.

Interventions: 19 rats served as controls, and were fed until samples were taken. Six animals were starved for 24 h and another 15 for 48 h, with free access to water, and then anaesthetised before blood, mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN), caecum, and caecal contents were sampled. To verify bacterial translocation in this strain of rats, another six rats underwent controlled haemorrhage for 60 min to reduce the blood pressure to 55 mm Hg mean arterial pressure (MAP). These rats had free access to food and water before haemorrhage but were allowed only water until samples were taken 24 h after haemorrhage.

Main Outcomes Measures: Presence and number of coliform bacteria in samples taken from caecal contents, caecal epithelium, MLN, and blood.

Results: Starvation for 24 h increased the number of coliform bacteria (colony forming units (CFU)/g) in the caecal contents 25-fold (p < 0.05). Starvation for 48 h further increased the number by a factor of 100. The number of coliform bacteria that adhered to the caecal epithelium increased 3,000 times in rats that had been starved for 48 h (p < 0.001). There was no significant difference in translocation (as indicated by cultures from MLN) between rats that had been fed and those that had been starved for 48 h. In 4 of the 6 rats that were bled and then starved for 24 h there were signs of bacterial translocation, which was significantly more than the 1/19 in fed rats (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: Starvation increases the number of bacteria in the caecal contents and increases bacterial adherence to the caecal epithelium. These changes may contribute to the previously reported increase in bacterial translocation in starved compared wit fed rats that were subjected to stress. The same changes in the gut were observed in animals subjected to haemorrhagic stress in addition to starvation, and in which bacterial translocation was evident.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm, Sweden: Taylor & Francis, 1997. Vol. 163, no 2, p. 135-142
Keywords [en]
Food deprivation, coliform bacteria, bacterial mucosal adherence
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Surgery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-63871ISI: A1997WK43600009PubMedID: 9076441Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0030937691OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-63871DiVA, id: diva2:1171019
Available from: 2018-01-05 Created: 2018-01-05 Last updated: 2018-02-09Bibliographically approved

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Ljungqvist, Olle

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