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Vectorcardiographic changes as predictors of cardiac complications during major vascular surgery
Departments of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Medicine, and Surgery, Karolinska Institute, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Departments of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Medicine, and Surgery, Karolinska Institute, Danderyd Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
Departments of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Medicine, and Surgery, Karolinska Institute, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Departments of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Medicine, and Surgery, Karolinska Institute, Danderyd Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Departments of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Medicine, and Surgery, Karolinska Institute, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Departments of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Medicine, and Surgery, Karolinska Institute, Danderyd Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2636-4745
1998 (English)In: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia, ISSN 1053-0770, E-ISSN 1532-8422, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 38-44Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE:

To elucidate the relation of changes in computerized vectorcardiographictrend parameters indicating perioperative myocardial ischemia with perioperative cardiaccomplications.

DESIGN:

Prospective clinical study.

SETTING:

A single university hospital.

PARTICIPANTS:

Thirty-eight patients undergoing elective abdominal aortic surgery.

INTERVENTIONS:

Computerized vectorcardiography recorded during surgery and for 48 hours postoperatively.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

Vectorcardiographic spatial alterations in the QRS complex (QRS-VD) and absolute (ST-VM) and spatial (STC-VM) ST-segment changes, previously used indicators of myocardial ischemia, were analyzed and related to the cardiac events detected clinically. In five patients with clearly ischemic (cardiac death, myocardial infarction, recurrent ischemia) and eight patients with possibly ischemic (congestive heart failure, arrhythmia) perioperative cardiac events, ST-VM and STC-VM were significantly increased intraoperatively. Postoperatively, these differences remained, but QRS-VD were also significantly increased. Intraoperative and postoperative changesindicating ischemia were strongly related (r = 0.83). The signs of ischemia were most pronounced during the postoperative 12 to 36 hours. The presence of 60 minutes of signs of ischemia during 2 hours revealed high sensitivity (85%), specificity (80%), and positive (69%) and negative (91%) predictive values for subsequent cardiac events. Traditional vector loop analysis showed signs of non-Q-wave infarctions in six patients, whereas only three of these were detected using standard clinical methods.

CONCLUSIONS:

Vectorcardiographic signs of myocardial ischemia were significantly increased intraoperatively, but most pronounced postoperatively in the patients subsequently suffering cardiac events. The changes could be related to the individual cardiac morbidity with acceptable precision. Thus, continuous vectorcardiographicmonitoring may be beneficial for patients at risk of developing perioperative ischemia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 1998. Vol. 12, no 1, p. 38-44
National Category
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-63879DOI: 10.1016/S1053-0770(98)90053-2ISI: 000072122100008PubMedID: 95093559509355Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0031908278OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-63879DiVA, id: diva2:1171039
Available from: 2018-01-05 Created: 2018-01-05 Last updated: 2018-02-06Bibliographically approved

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