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Proinflammatory Cytokines and Oxidative Stress Decrease the Transport of Dopamine Precursor Tyrosine in Human Fibroblasts
Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences. (Experimental Neuropsychiatry, Nutrition-Gut-Brain Interactions Research Centre)
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. (Experimental Neuropsychiatry, Nutrition-Gut-Brain Interactions Research Centre)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8102-1804
2017 (English)In: Neuropsychobiology, ISSN 0302-282X, E-ISSN 1423-0224, Vol. 75, no 4, p. 178-184Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Proinflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress responses have been extensively implicated in the pathophysiology of neuropsychiatric disorders over the past 2 decades. Moreover, disturbed transport of the dopamine precursor (i.e., the amino acid tyrosine) has been demonstrated, in different studies, across fibroblast cell membranes obtained from neuropsychiatric patients. However, the role and influences of proinflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress, and the reasons for disturbed tyrosine transport in neuropsychiatric disorders, are still not evaluated.

AIMS: The present study aimed to assess the role of proinflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress, indicated in many neuropsychiatric disorders, in tyrosine transportation, by using human skin-derived fibroblasts.

METHODS: Fibroblasts obtained from a healthy control were used in this study. Fibroblasts were treated with proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IFN-γ, IL-6, TNF-α), their combinations, and oxidative stress, optimized for concentrations and incubation time, to analyze the uptake of 14C-tyrosine compared to untreated controls.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that proinflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress decrease the transport of tyrosine (47% and 33%, respectively), which can alter dopamine synthesis. The functionality of the tyrosine transporter could be a new potential biomarker to target for discovering new drugs to counteract the effects of proinflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress in the pathophysiology of neuropsychiatric disorders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basel: S. Karger, 2017. Vol. 75, no 4, p. 178-184
Keywords [en]
Proinflammatory cytokines; Oxidative stress; Tyrosine transport; Dopamine precursor; Human fibroblasts; Neuropsychiatric disorders
National Category
Neurosciences Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-64505DOI: 10.1159/000485130ISI: 000431062500004PubMedID: 29339668Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85040740113OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-64505DiVA, id: diva2:1177450
Funder
Swedish Research Council, K2007-62X-08318-20-3
Note

Funding Agency:

Ingrid Thuring Foundation 

Available from: 2018-01-25 Created: 2018-01-25 Last updated: 2018-08-20Bibliographically approved

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Johansson, JessicaVenizelos, Nikolaos

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