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Intentional injuries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990-2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study
Örebro University, School of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7393-796X
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States.
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1661-8556, E-ISSN 1661-8564Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Objectives: We used GBD 2015 findings to measure the burden of intentional injuries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) between 1990 and 2015.

Methods: The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study defines intentional injuries as a combination of self-harm (including suicide), interpersonal violence, collective violence (war), and legal intervention. We estimated number of deaths, years of life lost (YLLs), years lived with disability (YLDs), and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for each type of intentional injuries.

Results: In 2015, 28,695 individuals (95% UI: 25,474-37,832) died from self-harm, 35,626 (95% UI: 20,947-41,857) from interpersonal violence, and 143,858 (95% UI: 63,554-223,092) from collective violence and legal interventions. In 2015, collective violence and legal intervention was the fifth-leading cause of DALYs in the EMR and the leading cause in Syria, Yemen, Iraq, Afghanistan, and Libya; they account for 49.7% of total DALYs in Syria.

Conclusions: Our findings call for increased efforts to stabilize the region and assist in rebuilding the health systems, as well as increasing transparency and employing preventive strategies to reduce self-harm and interpersonal injuries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Birkhäuser Verlag, 2017.
Keywords [en]
Intentional injuries, Eastern mediterranean region, Burden of disease
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-64884DOI: 10.1007/s00038-017-1005-2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-64884DiVA, id: diva2:1181056
Available from: 2018-02-07 Created: 2018-02-07 Last updated: 2018-03-02Bibliographically approved

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Dalal, Koustuv

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