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Aberrant tryptophan transport in cultured fibroblast from patients with Male Idiopathic Osteoporosis: An in vitro study
Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Endocrine and Diabetes Unit, Karolinska University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Nutrition-Gut-Brain Interactions Research Centre (NGBI), Neuropsychiatric Research Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine and Health, School of Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
Nutrition-Gut-Brain Interactions Research Centre (NGBI), Neuropsychiatric Research Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine and Health, School of Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
Department of Internal Medicine, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
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2018 (English)In: Bone Reports, ISSN 2352-1872, Vol. 8, p. 25-28Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It has been demonstrated, that long-term chronic tryptophan deficiency, results in decreased serotonin synthesis, which may lead to low bone mass and low bone formation. Findings from studies in male patients with idiopathic osteoporosis suggested a decreased transport of tryptophan in erythrocytes of osteoporotic patients, indicating that serotonin system defects may be involved in the etiology of low bone mass. Tryptophan is the precursor of serotonin, and a disturbed transport of tryptophan is implicated in altered serotonin synthesis. However, no study has investigated the tryptophan transport kinetics in MIO patients. The aim of this study is to investigate the kinetic parameters of tryptophan transport in fibroblasts derived from MIO patients compared to age and sex matched controls. Fibroblast cells were cultured from skin biopsies obtained from 14 patients diagnosed with Male Idiopathic Osteoporosis and from 13 healthy age-sex matched controls, without a diagnosis of osteoporosis. Transport of the amino acid tryptophan across the cell membrane was measured by the cluster tray method. The kinetic parameters, maximal transport capacity (Vmax) and affinity constant (Km) were determined by using the Lineweaver-Burke plot equation. The results of this study have shown a significantly lower mean value for Vmax (p = 0.0138) and lower Km mean value (p = 0.0009) of tryptophan transport in fibroblasts of MIO patients compared to the control group. A lower Vmax implied a decreased tryptophan transport availability in MIO patients. In conclusion, reduced cellular tryptophan availability in MIO patients might result in reduced brain serotonin synthesis and its endogenous levels in peripheral tissues, and this may contribute to low bone mass/formation. The findings of the present study could contribute to the etiology of idiopathic osteoporosis and for the development of novel approaches for diagnosis, treatment and management strategies of MIO.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 8, p. 25-28
Keywords [en]
Amino acid transport, Fibroblasts, Male Idiopathic Osteoporosis, Serotonin, Tryptophan
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-65009DOI: 10.1016/j.bonr.2018.01.002PubMedID: 29379847Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85042358304OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-65009DiVA, id: diva2:1182806
Available from: 2018-02-14 Created: 2018-02-14 Last updated: 2018-08-20Bibliographically approved

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Venizelos, Nikolaos

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