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Caveats in studies of the physiological role of polyphosphates in coagulation
Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1920-3962
Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Region Östergötland, Linköping, Sweden..
Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
2016 (English)In: Biochemical Society Transactions, ISSN 0300-5127, E-ISSN 1470-8752, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 35-39Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Platelet-derived polyphosphates (polyP), stored in dense granule and released upon platelet activation, have been claimed to enhance thrombin activation of coagulation factor XI (FXI) and to activate FXII directly. The latter claim is controversial and principal results leading to these conclusions are probably influenced by methodological problems. It is important to consider that low-grade contact activation is initiated by all surfaces and is greatly amplified by the presence of phospholipids simulating the procoagulant membranes of activated platelets. Thus, proper use of inhibitors of the contact pathway and a careful choice of materials for plates and tubes is important to avoid artefacts. The use of phosphatases used to degrade polyP has an important drawback as it also degrades the secondary activators ADP and ATP, which are released from activated platelets. In addition, the use of positively charged inhibitors, such as polymyxin B, to inhibit polyP in platelet-rich plasma and blood is problematic, as polymyxin B also slows coagulation in the absence of polyP. In conclusion we hope awareness of the above caveats may improve research on the physiological roles of polyP in coagulation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Portland Press, 2016. Vol. 44, no 1, p. 35-39
Keywords [en]
Blood, coagulation, contact activation, phosphatase, platelets, polyphosphate
National Category
Cell Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66027DOI: 10.1042/BST20150220ISI: 000374119800006PubMedID: 26862185Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84957871941OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-66027DiVA, id: diva2:1192608
Available from: 2018-03-22 Created: 2018-03-22 Last updated: 2018-04-04Bibliographically approved

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Ramström, Sofia

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