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Associations between childhood biomedical factors, maternal smoking, personality traits, Body and Mass Index and the prevalence of asthma in adulthood
Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK; ESRC Centre for Learning and Life Chances in Knowledge Economies and Societies, UCL Institute of Education, London, UK.
Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences. Research Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, UCL, London, UK. (Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6328-5494
Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK.
Research Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology, University College London, London, UK; Norwegian Business School, Oslo, Norway.
2018 (English)In: Psychology and Health, ISSN 0887-0446, E-ISSN 1476-8321, Vol. 33, no 9, p. 1116-1129Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: The study set out to investigate socio-economic, biomedical, health and behavioural and psychological factors in childhood and adulthood associated with the prevalence of asthma in adulthood, drawing data from The National Child Development Studies (NCDS), a birth cohort in the UK.

DESIGN: The National Child Development Study, a nationally representative sample of 17,415 babies born in Great Britain in 1958 and followed up at 7, 11, 33 and 50 years was used.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The prevalence of asthma at age 50 was the outcome measure. The analytic sample consists of 5118 participants with complete data on a set of measures at birth, at ages 7, 11, 33 and 50 years.

RESULTS: Using logistic regression analyses, results showed that childhood asthma (OR = 6.77: 4.38-10.48, p < .001) and respiratory symptoms (OR = 1.83: 1.18-2.86, p < .01), maternal smoking during pregnancy (OR = 1.26: 1.00-1.59, p < .05), Body and Mass Index (BMI) (OR = 1.03: 1.02-1.05, p < .001), traits Neuroticism (OR = 1.13: 1.01-1.21, p < .05) and Conscientiousness (OR = 0.76: 0.76-0.96, p < .01), as well as sex (OR = 1.49: 1.15-1.94, p < .001) were all significantly associated with the prevalence of asthma in adulthood.

CONCLUSION: The study shows that both childhood and adulthood psychological and sociological factors are significantly associated with the prevalence of asthma in adulthood, though more work need to be done in this area.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018. Vol. 33, no 9, p. 1116-1129
Keywords [en]
Asthma, cross -sectional and longitudinal, maternal smoking, personality traits, respiratory symptoms
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-67013DOI: 10.1080/08870446.2018.1467014ISI: 000442428700003PubMedID: 29737224OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-67013DiVA, id: diva2:1209883
Available from: 2018-05-24 Created: 2018-05-24 Last updated: 2018-09-06Bibliographically approved

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Montgomery, Scott

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